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Ayahuasca: alkaloids, plants & analogs
assembled by Keeper of the Trout
Section 3 : Part 2 :
Phalaris aquatica
A look at some selected reports

It should be noted that material marked D+M or M may contain either 5-MeO-MMT or 5-MeO-DMT or both. No breakdown was attempted.

In the case of Marten et al. 1974 (ref. 5b) all values were generated as mean averages and harvests were not at optimum times.

Abbreviations and definitions

Table headings are also located at the end of the table.

Phalaris arundinacea


Clone # or name Date/ Place of harvestAge/ Type of growthAlkaloid(s)%
as dry wt.
% of total alk.total alk. (dry wt.)Ref
Phalaris aquatica
= Phalaris tuberosa
CPI 14057 IsraelAustralia4 TDT0.030 0.041% 8
        
CPI 14279 GreeceAustralia4 TDT0.053 0.070%8
        
CPI 14419 Portugal =
PI 236547
at USDA GRIN
Australia4 TDT0.038 0.044%8
        
CPI 19344 PortugalAustralia4 TDT0.087 0.096%8
        
CPI 19357 ItalyAustralia4 TDT0.027 0.031%8
        
cv. Australian CommercialAustralia4 TDT0.027 0.040%8
        
cv. Australian CommercialAustraliaField grownTDT0.046 0.059%8
        
cv. Australian Commercial Leaf.
Age not specified.
Seedlings implied.
DMT
5-MeO-DMT
0.1%
0.05%
  3
        
cv. Australian Commercial 7 day old 100 seedlings8 DMT
Gramine
300 nmol
  2 nmol [Typo?]
  6
        
cv. Australian Commercial7 day old
100 seedlings8
DMT
5-MeO-DMT
Gramine
Tryptamine
MMT
5-MeO-T
5-MeO-MMT
3-AMI
3-MAMI
Unidentified9
280 nmol (53 mg)
150 nmol (33 mg)
200 nmol
trace
trace
trace
trace
trace
trace
    7
        
Harding-grass See as Phalaris aquatica var. stenoptera       
        
cv. Sirocco (see also list) 7 day old 100 seedlings8 Gramine
DMT
5-MeO-DMT
175 nmol
 24 nmol
 51 nmol
  7
        
var. stenopteraCaliforniaLeafTDT0-0.2%  10
        
var. stenoptera CaliforniaExpressed juiceDMT
5-MeO-DMT
0-60 mg/ml
135-264 mg/ml
  9
        
Clone # or name Date/ Place of harvestAge/ Type of growthAlkaloid(s)%
as dry wt.
% of total alk.total alk.
(dry wt.)
Ref


Legend (for numbers in superscript)
    1: Numbers with this format are USDA clone numbers. [Many are readily available through the USDA. Check their GRIN website.]

    2: Originated from U.S. Regional Pasture Research Laboratory, University Park, Pennsylvania.

    3: Origin listed as "highly diverse source population used in plant breeding and genetic studies at the University of Minnesota, Department of Agronomy and Plant Genetics."

    4: Grown in a controlled environment of 21°C days/16°C nights with an 8 hour day length.

    5: DMT was found in only 75% of the individuals arising from this clone.

    6: Material stored in plastic bags, frozen at -12°C, until analyzed in 1969.

    7: Harvested when 20-60 cm tall and still in vegetative stage.

    8: 100 seedlings weighed 10-20 grams.

    9: Unidentified trace alkaloids turned out to be 5-Methoxygramine, 5,7-Dimethoxygramine and 7-Methoxygramine. All were in the whole plant but highest in the roots. Mulvena & Slaytor 1983

    10: Simons & Marten 1971 obtained the clones P.I. 235547 Sweden [USDA clone 19-7] and P.I. 253317 Yugoslavia from either the Western Regional Plant Introduction Station, Pullman Washington or the Northeastern Station, Geneva, NY.


References used for Phalaris table:

1.
Appleseed (Variable dates)
2. Barnes et al. 1971
3. Baxter & Slaytor 1972
4. Gander et al. 1976
5a. Marten et al. 1973
5b. Marten et al. 1974
6. Mulvena & Slaytor 1982
7. Mulvena & Slaytor 1983
8. Oram & Williams 1967
9. Rendig et al. 1970
10. Rendig et al. 1976
11. Williams et al. 1971


For complete citations please see the reference listings