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Ayahuasca & DMT Snuffs
Plant Species & Terminology
by Erowid
GenusSpeciesCommon NamePlant FormActive ChemicalsForm (Snuff, brew)
Anadenanthera colubrina  Tree PodsBufotenine, N,N-DMT, 5-MeO-DMTSnuff (Vilca)
peregrinaYopo, JopaBufotenine, N,N-DMT, 5-MeO-DMTSnuff (Cohoba)
Banisteriopsis caapiAyahuascaVineHarmalaAyahuasca Brew Admixture
rusbyanaoco-yage, chagrapanga ??N,N-DMT, 5-MeO-DMTAyahuasca Brew Admixture
Brugmansia spp.ToaBushScopolamineAyahuasca Brew Admixture
Datura, Atropine spp.ToloacheBushScopolamine, AtropineAyahuasca Brew Admixture
DiplopteryscabreranaChagropanga, Oco-yage
Chalipanga, Huambisa
VineN,N-DMTAyahuasca Brew Admixture
Mimosa hostilisJuremaRootsN,N-DMTDrink
verrucosaCaatingaShrub BarkN,N-DMTDrink
Nicotianaspp.TobaccoBushNicotine, Harmaline Ayahuasca Brew Admixture
Peganum harmalaSyrian RueShrub SeedHarmala
Psychotria viridisChacruna (Peru)
Chacrona (Brasil)(1)
BushN,N-DMTAyahuasca Brew Admixture
Tabernaemontanaspp.      Ayahuasca Brew Admixture
Virola theodora  Sap from inner bark5-MeO-DMT, N,N-DMTSnuff
(Cohoba, Epena, Parica)
(Yakee, Yato, Yupa)
calophylla  N,N-DMT, 5-MeO-DMT
calophylloidea  5-MeO-DMT, N,N-DMT
sebifera  Smoked
surinamensis  Ayahuasca Brew Admixture

Common NameFormBotanical ComponentsActive ChemicalsRegion
AkurjuaSnuffVirola elongataN,N-DMT, 5-MeO-DMTYekwana Indians
AyahuascaBrewBanisteriopsis caapi, Psychotria viridisHarmala & often N,N-DMT 
CebilSnuffAnadenanthera spp.N,N-DMT, 5-MeO-DMT, BufotenineN. Argentina
CohobaSnuffAnadenanthera peregrinaN,N-DMT, 5-MeO-DMT, Bufotenine (Harmala)Orinoco River, Haiti (kohhobba)
EpenaSnuffVirola theiodora or Virola spp.5-MeO-DMT, DMTWaika Indians
Jurema (Yurema)DrinkMimosa hostilisN,N-DMTBrazil
NyakwanaSnuffVirola spp.N,N-DMT, 5-MeO-DMT 
Parica ('snuff')SnuffVirola spp.N,N-DMTUpper Rio Negro
ParicaEnemaAnadenanthera peregrinaN,N-DMT, 5-MeO-DMT, BufotenineMura & Omagua Indians
Vilca (Huilca)SnuffA. colubrina, macrocarpa, excelsaN,N-DMTBolivia, S. Peru, N. Argentina
YakeeSnuffVirola spp., Theobroma subincanum (cacao)N,N-DMTPuinave Indians
YatoSnuffVirola spp.N,N-DMTKuripako Indians
YageAyahuasca BrewBanisteriopsis caapi, Psychotria viridisHarmala & often N,N-DMT 
YupaSnuff  N,N-DMTOrinoco River Basin (Venezuela)
YopoSnuffAnadenanthera peregrinaN,N-DMT, 5-MeO-DMT, Bufotenine (Harmala)Orinoco River Basin (Venezuela)

1 A. Schinsinger, private communication