Plants - Drugs Mind - Spirit Freedom - Law Arts - Culture Library  
Matching Challenge during Erowid's Support Drive!
Donate during Erowid's September Public Support Drive
Be one of 1,194 contributors and help make this our biggest month ever
and get your donation of $10-500 doubled by a matching challenge!
Ayahuasca & DMT Snuffs
Plant Species & Terminology
by Erowid
GenusSpeciesCommon NamePlant FormActive ChemicalsForm (Snuff, brew)
Anadenanthera colubrina  Tree PodsBufotenine, N,N-DMT, 5-MeO-DMTSnuff (Vilca)
peregrinaYopo, JopaBufotenine, N,N-DMT, 5-MeO-DMTSnuff (Cohoba)
Banisteriopsis caapiAyahuascaVineHarmalaAyahuasca Brew Admixture
rusbyanaoco-yage, chagrapanga ??N,N-DMT, 5-MeO-DMTAyahuasca Brew Admixture
Brugmansia spp.ToaBushScopolamineAyahuasca Brew Admixture
Datura, Atropine spp.ToloacheBushScopolamine, AtropineAyahuasca Brew Admixture
DiplopteryscabreranaChagropanga, Oco-yage
Chalipanga, Huambisa
VineN,N-DMTAyahuasca Brew Admixture
Mimosa hostilisJuremaRootsN,N-DMTDrink
verrucosaCaatingaShrub BarkN,N-DMTDrink
Nicotianaspp.TobaccoBushNicotine, Harmaline Ayahuasca Brew Admixture
Peganum harmalaSyrian RueShrub SeedHarmala
Psychotria viridisChacruna (Peru)
Chacrona (Brasil)(1)
BushN,N-DMTAyahuasca Brew Admixture
Tabernaemontanaspp.      Ayahuasca Brew Admixture
Virola theodora  Sap from inner bark5-MeO-DMT, N,N-DMTSnuff
(Cohoba, Epena, Parica)
(Yakee, Yato, Yupa)
calophylla  N,N-DMT, 5-MeO-DMT
calophylloidea  5-MeO-DMT, N,N-DMT
sebifera  Smoked
surinamensis  Ayahuasca Brew Admixture

Common NameFormBotanical ComponentsActive ChemicalsRegion
AkurjuaSnuffVirola elongataN,N-DMT, 5-MeO-DMTYekwana Indians
AyahuascaBrewBanisteriopsis caapi, Psychotria viridisHarmala & often N,N-DMT 
CebilSnuffAnadenanthera spp.N,N-DMT, 5-MeO-DMT, BufotenineN. Argentina
CohobaSnuffAnadenanthera peregrinaN,N-DMT, 5-MeO-DMT, Bufotenine (Harmala)Orinoco River, Haiti (kohhobba)
EpenaSnuffVirola theiodora or Virola spp.5-MeO-DMT, DMTWaika Indians
Jurema (Yurema)DrinkMimosa hostilisN,N-DMTBrazil
NyakwanaSnuffVirola spp.N,N-DMT, 5-MeO-DMT 
Parica ('snuff')SnuffVirola spp.N,N-DMTUpper Rio Negro
ParicaEnemaAnadenanthera peregrinaN,N-DMT, 5-MeO-DMT, BufotenineMura & Omagua Indians
Vilca (Huilca)SnuffA. colubrina, macrocarpa, excelsaN,N-DMTBolivia, S. Peru, N. Argentina
YakeeSnuffVirola spp., Theobroma subincanum (cacao)N,N-DMTPuinave Indians
YatoSnuffVirola spp.N,N-DMTKuripako Indians
YageAyahuasca BrewBanisteriopsis caapi, Psychotria viridisHarmala & often N,N-DMT 
YupaSnuff  N,N-DMTOrinoco River Basin (Venezuela)
YopoSnuffAnadenanthera peregrinaN,N-DMT, 5-MeO-DMT, Bufotenine (Harmala)Orinoco River Basin (Venezuela)

1 A. Schinsinger, private communication