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by Christian Rätsch
Originally published in The Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Plants
Citation:   Rätsch C. Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Plants. Park Street Press. 2005. pg. 742.
Other Names:

In Peru, the name cimora or timora is given to a psychoactive drink used for shamanic purposes. This drink consists primarily of Iresine species (Iresine celosia L., and others; see Iresine spp.), Brugmansia species, or a mixture of the following plants (Ott 1993, 409; Schultes and Farnsworth 1982, 159; Schultes 1966, 302):

Trichocereus pachanoi Br. Et R.
Neoraimondia arequipensis (Meyen) Backeb.
   [syn. Neoraimondia macrorostibas (K. Schum.) Br. Et R., Neoraimondia
   roseiflora (Werderm. Et Bckbg.) Bckbg., Pilocereus macrorobistibas K. Schum.]
Hippobroma longiflora (L.) G. Don
   [syn. Isotoma longiflora Ducke or (L.) Presl, Laurentia longiflora (L.) Peterm.,
   Lobelia longiflora L.]
Pedilanthus tithymaloides (L.) Poit.
   [syn. Pedilanthus carinatus Spreng.]
Brugmansia spp.
   [syn. Datura]

Iresine does not appear to contain any alkaloids and presumably does not induce any psychoactive effects. In Peru, Euphorbia cotinifolia L., is known as timora (cf. Trichocereus pachanoi). Although a related euphorbia, Pedilanthus tithymaloides Poit. (cf. Pedilanthus spp.), is known in Peru by the folk name cimora misha, it does not appear to have any psychoactive effects (Müller-Ebling and Rätsch 1989, 32 f.)

In Peru, different cultivars of Brugmansia x candida as well as Brugmansia arborea are known by the name cimora, and it is these, along with Trichocereus pachanoi, that presumably represent the actual psychoactive components of the cimora drink. More precise recipes for preparing cimora or timora are lacking, as are precise pharmacological investigations of the purported blend.

References #
  1. Ott J. Pharmacotheon. Natural Prodcuts Co. 1993
  2. Schultes RE, Farnsworth NR. "Ethnomedical, Botanical and Phytochemical Aspects of Natural Hallucinogens". Botanical Museum Leaflets. 1982;28(2):123-214.
  3. Schultes RE. "The Search for New Natural Hallucinogens. Lloydia. 1966;29(4):293-308.
  4. Müller-Ebling C. Rästch C Heilpflanzen der Seychellen. VWB. 1989.
Revision History #
  • 1.0 - 2005 - Rätsch - Originally published in The Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Plants.
  • 1.0 - Apr 22, 2008 - Erowid - Transcribed by Justin Case, html'd and published on