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nightshade
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NIGHTSHADE
BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION
Family :
Solanaceae
Genus :
Atropa
Species :
belladonna
Genus :
Solanum
Species :
carolinense; citrullifolium; dulcamera; nigrum; physalifolium (=sarrachoides)
COMMON NAMES
A. belladonna: Belladonna; Deadly Nightshade
S. carolinense: Horse Nettle; Apple of Sodom
S. citrullifolium: Melon-leaf Nightshade
S. dulcamara: Woody or Climbing Nightshade
S. nigrum: Black or Common nightshade
S. physalifolium: Green or Hairy Nighshade
USES
Used to treat minor burns, abrasions, and skin irritations.
DESCRIPTION
A. belladonna - Black berries, purple flowers. Bushy plant growing 3-6 feet tall.
S. carolinense - Small orange berries.
S. citrullifolium - Fruit is enclosed in a prickly shell.
S. dulcamera - Red berries, purple flowers. Perennial climber.
S. nigrum - Black berries, white flowers. Small bushy plant growing 1-2 feet tall.
S. sarrachoides - Green berries, white flowers. Small plant growing 1-2 feet tall with hairy foliage that feels sticky to the touch.
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