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Buddha Statue
The Buddhist religion originated in India during the 6th century B.C. Founded on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (c.563-483 BC), a member of the royal family who renounced his position and wealth to seek enlightenment. Years of searching, using fasting and a variety of other practices, brought him no closer to what he sought. Finally, he sat down beneath a tree, determined not to arise until he found enlightenment. In about 527 BC he reached his goal, and became the Buddha (the enlightened one) also known as Sh‚kyamuni (the Sage of the Shakya Clan).

In the Buddha's first sermon he presented the Four Noble Truths and The Eightfold Paths:

The primary Buddhist texts are called the Tripitaka (or the "Three Baskets") which consist of the Sutrapitaka (the Buddha's sermons), the Vinayapitaka (the monastic rules), and the Abhidharmapitaka (early philosophical treatises).

Buddhism has the characteristics of what would be expected in a cosmic religion for the future:
it transcends a personal God, avoids dogmas and theology; it covers both the natural & spiritual,
and it is based on a religious sense aspiring from the experience of all things,
natural and spiritual, as a meaningful unity
-- Einstein

August 2007: China bans Reincarnation without government permission - The Times (of London)