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Cumpston KL, Carter M, Wills BK. 
“Clinical outcomes after Kratom exposures: A poison center case series”. 
Am J Emerg Med. 2017 Jul 28.
There is little data on the clinical toxicity of kratom. Kratom exposures presenting to the emergency department are likely to increase due to the nationwide opioid crisis. Therefore, the aim of this study was to summarize the clinical effects of kratom in a series of cases reported to our regional poison center. This was a retrospective cross-sectional study using electronic poison center data evaluating clinical outcomes from kratom exposure.

A total of fifteen cases reported from healthcare facilities were identified during the study period. Three were excluded because the clinical effects were more consistent with the co-ingestants.
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