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Ellefsen KN, Taylor EA, Simmons P, Willoughby V, Hall BJ. 
“Multiple Drug-Toxicity Involving Novel Psychoactive Substances, 3-Fluorophenmetrazine and U-47700”. 
J Anal Toxicol. 2017 Jul 25.
3-Fluorophenmetrazine (3-FPM) is a stimulant-like novel psychoactive substance (NPS) and fluorinated analog of phenmetrazine that has recently appeared on the recreational drug market, with limited published information. Likewise, the synthetic opioid U-47700 has gained popularity among recreational drug users and is frequently detected in postmortem casework. We present the case history, autopsy and toxicological findings of a fatality involving the designer drugs 3-FPM and U-47700 for the first time in the literature. A sensitive and specific liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for the quantification of 3-FPM in whole blood, with a 0.001–0.100 mg/L analytical range. The method met the requirements for acceptable linearity, bias and precision. 3-FPM was detected along with U-47700 and other drugs including amitriptyline, nortriptyline, methamphetamine, amphetamine, diazepam, nordiazepam, temazepam, and the designer benzodiazepines flubromazolam and delorazepam. 3-FPM was quantified in the decedent’s peripheral (femoral) and central (aortic) blood at 2.4 and 2.6 mg/L, respectively. These concentrations are similar to reported concentrations in nonfatal intoxications. U-47700 was present in peripheral blood at a semi-quantitative concentration of 0.36 mg/L, consistent with reported U-47700 postmortem concentrations. The cause of death was considered multiple drug-toxicity (3-FPM, U-47700, amitriptyline, methamphetamine, diazepam, temazepam, flubromazolam and delorazepam) and the manner of death ruled an accident. This case illustrates the dangers of polysubstance use and discusses the potential overlap between recreational and fatal concentrations for some NPS.
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