Erowid References Database
White SR, Harris GC, Imel KM, Wheaton MJ.
“Inhibitory effects of dopamine and methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) on glutamate-evoked firing of nucleus accumbens and caudate/putamen cells are enhanced following cocaine self-administration”.
Brain Res. 1995;681(1-2):167-76.
Rats were allowed to self-administer cocaine during a 3-h session for 15 days. One to 11 days after the last cocaine exposure, rats were anesthetized with urethane and effects of microiontophoretically-applied dopamine on glutamate-evoked firing of neurons in the nucleus accumbens and in the caudate/putamen were tested. Dopamine produced a dose-dependent inhibition of glutamate-evoked firing in both the nucleus accumbens and the caudate/putamen of rats that had been repeatedly exposed to self-administered cocaine and in control rats. However, the DA-induced inhibition was significantly greater in the group that had self-administered cocaine. The cocaine self-administration group was significantly sensitized to the inhibitory effects of dopamine in both early (1-3 day) and later (9-11 days) periods of cocaine abstinence. Following cessation of repeated cocaine self-administration sessions, nucleus accumbens cells were also sensitized to the inhibitory effects of methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), a drug that increases extracellular levels of DA and serotonin in the nucleus accumbens. This sensitization to DA- and MDMA-induced inhibition in the nucleus accumbens and in the striatum indicates that long-term neuroadaptations occur in these regions of the nervous system following repeated exposure to self-administered cocaine.
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