Plants - Drugs Mind - Spirit Freedom - Law Arts - Culture Library  
Help Erowid Raise $9,000 for a New Server!
We need to replace our primary server and firewall, in order to provide secure information about psychoactive plants and drugs on and Please donate and help us spread reliable info privately! [More Info]
:            KINGSTON, Jamaica (AP) _ Rastafarians gathered Wednesday for a
: huge reggae concert and other events to mark the 100th anniversary
: of the birth of Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia, whom the
: Rastas consider their god.
:            The week of festivities starts Thursday with a free concert at
: the National Arena. Freddy McGregor, Third World, Ziggy Marley and
: The Melody Makers, Beres Hammond, the Mystic Revelation of
: Rastafari, Judy Mowat Mutabaruka and I Jahman Levi will perform.
:            The Rastafarians, distinguished by their dreadlocks hairstyle,
: abstinence from salt and belief that marijuana is the biblical weed
: of wisdom, also plan a motorcade retracing the route followed by
: Selassie during an April 1966 visit to Jamaica.
:            "We are His Majesty's children in the West and it is only
: fitting that we mark his 100th birthday with a celebration filled
: with the honor, respect and majesty that he is due,'' said Minion
: "Minnie'' Phillips, the organizer of the "Jah Live'' concert.
:            Members of the Rastafarian cult, which originated in Jamaica,
: say Selassie, who was born July 23, 1892 and died in 1975, a year
: after being dethroned in a Marxist takeover, was reincarnated as
: the black Christ.
:            They also advocate a return to Africa, which they regard as the
: spiritual home of all black people.

: ARTICLE  Rastafarians
: TEXT     {rah-stuh-far'-ee-uhnz}  Rastafarians are members of a Jamaican
: messianic movement dating back to the 1930s  in 1974 they were estimated
: to number 20,000 in Jamaica. According to Rastafarian belief the only true
: God is the late Ethiopian emperor HAILE SELASSIE (originally known as Ras
: Tafari), and Ethiopia is the true Zion. Rastafarians claim that white Christian
: preachers and missionaries have perverted the Scriptures to conceal the
: fact that Adam and Jesus were black. Their rituals include the use of marijuana
: and the chanting of revivalist hymns. REGGAE music is the popular music
: of the movement. The Rastafarians, who stress black separatism, have exercised
: some political influence in Jamaica.
: BIBLIOG  Bibliography: Barrett, Leonard E., The Rastafarians: Sounds of
: Cultural Dissonance (1977)  Sparrow, Bill, and Nicholas, Tracy, Rastafari:
: A Way of Life (1979).

: ARTICLE  Haile Selassie, Emperor of Ethiopia
: TEXT     {hy'-lee suh-lahs'-ee}  Haile Selassie was emperor of Ethiopia
: from 1930 to 1974. A cousin of Emperor MENELIK II, he was born Tafari Makonnen
: on July 23, 1892. Menelik was succeeded in 1913 by his grandson Lij Yasu,
: a converted Muslim. When Lij Yasu attempted to change the official religion
: of Ethiopia from Coptic Christianity to Islam, Tafari Makonnen drove him
: from the throne and installed (1916) his aunt as Empress Zauditu. Assuming
: the title Ras Tafari, he named himself regent and heir to the throne. He
: became de facto ruler of the country and was crowned king in 1928. Two
: years later, after the mysterious death of the empress, he became emperor
: as Haile Selassie I.  Haile Selassie ruled as an absolute monarch, centralizing
: Ethiopia and instituting a number of reforms, including the abolition of
: slavery. In 1935, after the Italian Fascist troops of Benito MUSSOLINI
: had invaded Ethiopia, Haile Selassie gained the admiration and sympathy
: of the world with his impassioned plea for aid from the League of Nations.
: The league was powerless to act, however, and Mussolini consolidated his
: gains and officially annexed Ethiopia to Italy. Haile Selassie was forced
: into exile.  Ethiopia was liberated early in World War II, and Haile Selassie
: regained his throne in 1941. After the war he resumed his long-range plans
: to modernize Ethiopia. He continued his autocratic rule, however, and opposition
: to him grew. Beginning in 1960 a series of coups d'etat were attempted,
: and in reaction his rule became increasingly despotic. Finally, in 1974
: the army succeeded in seizing control. Haile Selassie was stripped of his
: powers, and later that year he was removed from the throne and placed under
: house arrest. He died in Addis Ababa on Aug. 27, 1975.BIBLIOG  Bibliography:
: Clapham, Christopher S., Haile Selassie's Government (1969)  Legum, Colin,
: Ethiopia: The Fall of Haile Selassie's Empire (1975)  Mosley, Leonard,
: Haile Selassie: The Conquering Lion (1964)  Shwab, Peter, ed., Ethiopia
: and Haile Selassie (1972).