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Ayahuasca: alkaloids, plants & analogs
assembled by Keeper of the Trout
References A - F
The Entheogen Review is a valuable outlet for discussing and comparing such experiences. If you have not seen its latest incarnation you owe yourself a look.

Subscriptions (quarterly publication) are $25 per year.

The Entheogen Review
P.O. Box 19820
Sacramento, CA 95819
www.entheogenreview.com
David Aardvark is the editor of the Entheogen Review

[Incomplete citations are mostly second-hand.]

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  • Abdusalamov, B. et al. (1964) Nauchn. Tr. Tashkentsk. Gos. Univ. 263: 3-7. "Alkaloids and aminoacids of Calligonum." [B. Abdusalamov, A.S. Sadykov & Kh. A. Aslanov] CA (1965) 63: 3314.
  • Abulafatih, H.A. (1987) Economic Botany 41 (3): 354-360. "Medicinal Plants in Southwestern Saudi Arabia."
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  • Agurell, S. et al. (1968) Biochemical Pharmacology 17: 2487-2488. "Identification of two new alkaloids in South American hallucinogenic plants." [Stig Agurell, Bo Holmstedt, Jan-Erik Lindgren & Richard Evans Schultes]
  • Agurell, S. et al. (1969) Acta Chemica Scandinavica 23: 903-916. "Alkaloids in Certain Species of Virola and Other South American Plants of Ethnopharmacological Interest." [Stig Agurell, Bo Holmstedt, Jan-Erik Lindgren & Richard Evans Schultes]
  • Ahmad, A. et al (1992) Journal of Ethnopharmacology 35: 289-294. "Study of the in vitro antimicrobial activity of harmine, harmaline and their derivatives." (Aqueel Ahmad, Khursheed Ali Khan, Sabiha Sultana, Bina S. Siddiqui, Sabira Begum, Shaheen Faizi & Salimuzzaman Siddiqui)
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  • Airaksinen, M.M. & I. Kari (1981) Medical Biology 59: 190-211. "β-Carbolines, Psychoactive Compounds in the Mammalian Body. Part II."
  • Akaboro & Saito (1930) Ber. 63B, 2245
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  • Albarracín, Leopoldo (1925) "Contribución al estudio de los alkaloides del yagé." Bogatá. [Work performed using poorly identified material; lacking herbarium vouchers.]
  • Allen, James R.F. & Bo R. Holmstedt (1980) Phytochemistry 19: 1573-1582. "The Simple β-Carboline Alkaloids."
  • al-Shamma & Abdul-Ghany (1977) Bulletin of the Biology Research Center, Baghdad 8: 10-16
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  • Al-Shamma, A. et al. (1981) Journal of Natural Products 44 (6): 745-747. "Antimicrobial Agents From Higher Plants. Antimicrobial Agents From Peganum harmala seeds." (A. Al-Shamma, S. Drake, D.L. Flynn, L.A. Mitscher, Y.H. Park, G.S.R. Rao, A. Simpson, J.K. Swayze, T. Veysoglu & S.T.-S. Wu)
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  • Anonymous (1939) Field Mus. News 10 (3): 5. "Toxicologist completes study of Peru's "death vine."
  • Appleseed, Johnny (1992-1996) Largely unpublished research. Desmanthus leptolobus information has appeared, among other places, in the (1993) Entheogen Review 2 (2): 26-27, "Ayahuasca analogues experiences." and in (1993b) Integration 4: 59-62, "Ayahuasca analog plant complexes of the temperate zone: Phalaris arundinacea and the Desmanthus spec." The latter piece also exists as an undated privately distributed manuscript. [Sample preparation:
    Extraction was by simmering with hot hydrochloric acid (at pH 3); ammonia was used to basify; methylene chloride recovered the alkaloid fraction.
    Assays: co-tlc with known reference standards.
    TLC: on Whatman Silica Gel 60 plates; developed with Methylene chloride-Methanol-Conc. Ammonia (80:15:1).
    Visualization: Ehrlichs and/or Xanthydrol spray reagents. Xanthydrol differentiates 5-MeO from DMT; Ehrlichs reagent does not.]
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  • Aranha, C. et al. (1991) 1st Congresso em Saude, Centro de Estudos Medicos, União do Vegetal, São Paulo, Brasil, 30 May_2 June. "Aspectos botánicos e taxonómicos das plantas Banisteriopsis sp. e Psychotria sp." (C. Aranha, G. Travaini & M.A. Correa) [From Pomilio et al. 1999]
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  • Arispe, V.V. (1938) Thesis; Universidad Nacional Mayor, San Marcos Fac. Farmacía y Bioquimica, Lima, Pèrú. "Estudio Farmacográfico y Farmacológico del Ayahuasca."
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  • Barriga Villalba, A.M. (1925)b Journal of the Society of Chemistry and Industry (Transactions) 44: 205-207. "Yageine, a new alkaloid." [Work performed using poorly identified material; lacking herbarium vouchers.]
  • Barriga Villalba, A.M. (1927) Bol. Lab. Semper-Martinez, No espec. 9. "El Yagé. Bebida especial de los indios ribereños del Putumayo y el Amazonas." [Work using poorly identified material; lacking herbarium vouchers.]
  • Bashir, A.K. et al. (1986) Fitoterapia 57 (3): 190-192. "HPLC Separation of Harman Alkaloids From Grewia villosa and of Coumarins From Randia nilotica ." [A.K. Bashir, M.S.F. Ross & T.D. Turner] Reported harmine but not harmaline.
  • Batista, Leõnia Maria & Reinaldo Nóbrega de Almeida (1997) Acta Farmaceutica Bonaerense 16 (2): 83-86. "Central Effects of the Constituents of Mimosa ophthalmocentra Mart. ex Benth."
  • Batista, L.M. et al. (1999) Pharmaceutical Biology 37 (1): 50-53. "Isolation and Identification of Putative Hallucinogenic Constituents from the Roots of Mimosa ophthalmocentra.." (L.M. Batista, R.N. Almeida, E.V.L. da Cunha, M.S. da Silva & J.M. Barbosa Filho)
  • Battista, A.F. et al. (1970) Exp. Neurol. 28: 513-524. "Effect of harmaline in monkeys with central nervous system lesions." [A.F. Battista, S. Nakatani, M. Goldstein & B. Anagnoste]
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  • Baxter, Claire & Slaytor, Michael (1972)b Phytochemistry 11: 2767-2773. "Biosynthesis and Turnover of N,N-Dimethyltryptamine and 5-Methoxy-N,N-Dimethyltryptamine in Phalaris tuberosa."
  • Bear, Jaya (2000) Amazon Magic: The Life Story of Ayahuascero and Shaman Don Agustin Rivas Vasquez. Colibri Publishing, Taos
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  • Beneficente União do Vegetal (1989) União do Vegetal. Hoasca: Fundamentos e Objetivos. Centro de Memória e Documentaçao. 141 pp. No ISBN. ["not sold openly" according to Ott 1997 MAPS 7 (3): 50]
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  • Bianchi, Antonio & Giorgio Samorini (1993) "Plants in Association with Ayahuasca." pp. 21-42 in Christian Rätsch & John R. Baker (Eds.) Jahrbuch für Ethnomedicine and the Study of Consciousness. Issue 2.
  • Biocca, E. et al. (1964) Annali di Chimica 54: 1175-1178. "Sulle sostanze allucinogene impiegate in Amazonia. Nota I _ Osservazioni sul Paricà dei Tukâno e Tariâna del bacino del Rio Uaupés." [E. Biocca, C. Galeffi, E.G. Montalvo & G.B. Marini Bettòlo]
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  • Bourke, C.A. (1984) Austr. Vet. Journal 61: 360-363. "Staggers in sheep associated with the ingestion of Tribulus terrestris."
  • Bourke, C.A. & M.J. Carrigan (1992) Austr. Vet. Journal 69: 165-167. "Mechanisms underlying Phalaris aquatica "sudden death" syndrome in sheep affected by Phalaris aquatica staggers."
  • Bourke, C.A. et al. (1987) Austr. Vet. Journal 64 (1): 31-32. "Delayed development of clinical signs in sheep affected by Phalaris aquatica." [C.A. Bourke, M.J. Carrigan, J.T. Seaman & J.V. Evers]
  • Bourke, C.A. et al. (1988) Austr. Vet. Journal 65 (7): 218-220. "Experimental evidences that tryptamine alkaloids do not cause Phalaris aquatica sudden syndrome in sheep." [C.A. Bourke, M.J. Carrigan & R.J. Dixon]
  • Bourke, C.A. et al. (1990) Austr. Vet. Journal 67 (10): 356-358. "The pathogenesis of the nervous syndrome of Phalaris aquatica toxicity in sheep." [C.A. Bourke, M.J. Carrigan & R.J. Dixon]
  • Bourke, C.A. et al. (1992) Austr. Vet. Journal 69: 163-165. "Locomotor effects in sheep of alkaloids identified in Australian Tribulus terrestris." [C.A. Bourke, G.R. Stevens & M.J. Carrigan]
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  • Callaway, James C., Jr. = Callaway, Jace C., Jr.
  • Callaway, J.C. (1988) Medical Hypotheses 26:119-124. "A proposed mechanism of the visions of dream sleep."
  • Callaway, Jace C. (1995) Eleusis 1: 4-10. "Ayahuasca, Now and Then."
  • Callaway, James C. & Charles S. Grob (1998) Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 30 (4): 367-369. "Ayahuasca Preparations and Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors: A Potential for Severe Adverse Reactions."
  • Callaway, J.C. & D.J. McKenna (1998) "Neurochemistry of Psychedelic Drugs" pp. 485-498 (Section 6.6) in Steven B. Karch (ed.) Drug Abuse Handbook, CRC Press. ISBN 0 8493 2637 0.
  • Callaway, J.C. et al. (1994) Psychopharmacology 116: 385-387. "Platelet serotonin uptake sites increased in drinkers of ayahuasca." (James C. Callaway Jr., Mauno M. Airaksinen, Dennis J. McKenna, Glacus S. Brito & Charles S. Grob]
  • Callaway, J.C. et al. (1996) Journal of Analytical Toxicology 20: 492-497. "Quantitation of N,N-Dimethyltryptamine and harmala alkaloids in human plasma after oral dosing with ayahuasca." (J.C Callaway, L.P. Raymon, W.L. Hearn, D.J. McKenna, C.S. Grob & G.S. Brito)
  • Callaway, J.C. et al. (1997) Journal of Analytical Toxicology IN PRESS "Pharmacology of Hoasca Alkaloids in Healthy volunteers." (James C. Callaway, D.J. McKenna, C.S. Grob, G.S. Brito, L.P. Raymon, R.E. Poland, E.N. Andrade, E.O. Andrade, & D.C. Mash) [From McKenna et al. 1998]
  • Callaway, J.C. et al. (1998) Journal of Ethnopharmacology (in press) "Pharmacology of hoasca alkaloids in humans." (J.C. Callaway, D.J. McKenna, C.S. Grob, G.S. Brito, L.P. Raymons, R.E. Poland, E. Andrade & D.C. Mash) [From McKenna et al. 1998] Not in Volume 60, 61 or 62
  • Callaway, J.C. et al. (1998) Journal of Ethnopharmacology (in press) meant Callaway et al. 1999?
  • Callaway, J.C. et al. (1999) Journal of Ethnopharmacology 65: 243-256. "Pharmacokinetics of Hoasca alkaloids in healthy humans." (J.C. Callaway, D.J. McKenna, C.S. Grob, G.S. Brito, L.P. Raymon, R.E. Poland, E.N. Andrade, E.O. Andrade & D.C. Mash)
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  • Camp, Bennie J. & Carl M. Lyman (1957) The Southwestern Veterinarian 10: 133.
  • Camp, Bennie J. & Joan A. Moore (1960) Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association. Scientific Edition. 49 (3): 158-160. "A Quantitative Method for the Alkaloid of Acacia berlandieri."
  • Camp, Bennie J. & Michael J. Norvell (1966) Economic Botany 20 (3): 274-278. "The Phenethylamine Alkaloids of Native Range Plants."
  • Camp, B.J. et al. (1964) Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 111 (2): 744-750. "The Chemistry of the Toxic Constituents of Acacia berlandieri." [Bennie J. Camp, Ray Adams & J.W. Dollahite]
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  • Cassady et al. (1972) pp. 95-99; "The Isolation of 6-Methoxytetrahydroharman from Virola cuspidata and N-Monomethyltryptamine from Virola theiodora." (John M. Cassady, Varro E. Tyler, M. Williams & G.E. Blair) (pp. 100-101; Discussion with Tyler) in: Mothes et al. (eds.) (1972) 4. Internationales Symposium. Biochemie und Physiologie der Alkaloide. Halle (Saale), 25. bis 28. Juni 1969 Akademie-Verlag-Berlin 1972 (Kurt Mothes, Klaus Schreiber & Horst Robert Schütter)
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  • Chagnon, N. et al. (1971) Current Anthropology. 12: 72-74. "Yanamamö hallucinogens: anthropological, botanical and chemical findings." [Napolean A. Chagnon, P. Le Quesne & J.M. Cook]
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  • Chilton, W.S. et al (1979) Journal of Psychedelic Drugs 11 (1-2): 61-69. "Psilocin, Bufotenine and Serotonin: Historical and Biosynthetic Observations." [W. Scott Chilton, Jeremy Bigwood & Robert E. Jensen]
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