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Wang Y, Chen Y, Xu W, Lee DY, Ma Z, Rawls SM, Cowan A, Liu-Chen LY. 
“2-Methoxymethyl-salvinorin B is a potent kappa opioid receptor agonist with longer lasting action in vivo than salvinorin A”. 
J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2008 Mar 25;324(3):1073-83.
Abstract
Salvinorin (Sal) A is a naturally occurring, selective kappa opioid receptor (KOPR) agonist with a short duration of action in vivo. Pharmacological properties of a C(2) derivative, 2-methoxymethyl (MOM)-Sal B, were characterized. MOM-Sal B bound to KOPR with high selectivity and displayed approximately 3-fold higher affinity than U50,488H [(trans)-3,4-dichloro-N-methyl-N-[2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-cyclohexyl]benzeneacetamide methanesulfonate] and Sal A. It acted as a full agonist at KOPR in guanosine 5'-O-(3-[(35)S]thio)triphosphate binding and was approximately 5- and approximately 7-fold more potent than U50,488H and Sal A, respectively. In Chinese hamster ovary cells stably expressing KOPR, all three kappa agonists internalized or down-regulated KOPR to similar extents, with MOM-Sal B being the most potent. In mice, MOM-Sal B (0.05-1 mg/kg s.c.) caused immediate and dose-dependent immobility lasting approximately 3 h, which was blocked by norbinaltorphimine. In contrast, ambulation in a Y-maze was increased when rats received MOM-Sal B (1-5 mg/kg s.c.). In addition, MOM-Sal B (0.5-5 mg/kg i.p.) produced antinociception (hot-plate test) and hypothermia in a dose-dependent manner in rats. MOM-Sal B was more potent than U50,488H in both tests and more efficacious than U50,488H in the hot-plate test. These latter two in vivo effects were blocked by norbinaltorphimine, indicating KOPR-mediated actions. Sal A at 10 mg/kg elicited neither antinociception nor hypothermia 30 min after administration to rats. In summary, MOM-Sal B is a potent and efficacious KOPR agonist with longer lasting in vivo effects than Sal A.
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