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Heather E, Shimmon R, McDonagh AM. 
“Organic Impurity Profiling of 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) Synthesised from Catechol and Eugenol via 4-Allylcatechol”. 
Forensic Sci Int. 2020 Jan 27.
Abstract
This work examines organic impurity profiles of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) that has been synthesised from the “pre-precursors” catechol (1,2-dihydroxybenzene) and eugenol, via a safrole intermediate. MDMA was synthesised from the catechol- and eugenol-derived safrole intermediate via two routes, which resulted in the synthesis of MDMA from catechol via two routes (Route 1A and 1B) and from eugenol via two routes (Route 2A and 2B). Twelve organic impurities were identified in MDMA synthesised via Routes 1A and 1B, and eleven organic impurities were identified in MDMA synthesised via Routes 2A and 2B. Route specific organic impurities were identified in MDMA that indicated the “pre-precursors” catechol and eugenol were used in the respective synthetic routes. Route specific organic impurities were also identified in MDMA that indicated the route used to synthesise safrole from the “pre-precursor” and the route used to synthesise MDMA from safrole. Thus, the use of the “pre-precursors” catechol and eugenol and the synthetic route utilised could be ascertained by the organic impurity profiling of MDMA under the conditions used here.



Key Words: Illicit drugs; 3,4-methylendioxymethamphetamine; MDMA; safrole; chemical synthesis; chemical profiling
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Feb 6, 2020 23:15
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This paper cites an article from the Rhodium Chemistry Archive. Erowid has hosted the rhodium archive since the day it went offline in 2004.
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