Erowid References Database
Wang C, Walker AE.
“Fatal Mitragynine-Associated Toxicity in Canada: A Case Report and Review of the Literature”.
Acad Forensic Pathol. 2018;8(2):340-346.
Mitragynine is amongst the more than 40 natural indole alkaloids derived from the Mitragyna speciosa, or kratom tree, also referred to as ketum. The compound is unique in that it exhibits dose-dependent clinical outcomes with stimulant effects at lower doses but sedative effects at higher concentrations. It is indigenous to Southeast Asia, where the local population has had extensive experiences utilizing the substance for its medicinal as well as recreational effects. Mitragynine is advertised as an herbal remedy and is readily accessible via the Internet, resulting in its expansive distribution throughout the world. The addictive potential of this substance is quickly becoming recognized and mitragynine has been implicated in multidrug toxicity deaths. We present a case of the first reported mitragynine-associated fatality in Canada where an independently fatal mitragynine concentration was detected in the postmortem femoral venous blood and the source drug was likely obtained as a powder from Indonesia.
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