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Touw M. 
“The religious and medicinal uses of Cannabis in China, India and Tibet”. 
J Psychoactive Drugs. 1981 Jan-Mar 18;13(1):23-34.
The earliest trace of cannabis use is in archaeo- logical find of hemp textile in China dating from 4000 B.C. (Li & Lin 1974). Hemp thread and rope from 3000 B.C. have also been found in Chinese-occupied Turke- stan (Fisher 1975). The Rb-Ya (5OO B.C., but pointing back many centuries earlier) mentions its use for fiber (Bouquet l95O), as do the Shih-Ching (lOth-7th cen- turies B.C.), the Li-Chi (lOO B.C.) and the Chou Li (c. 200 B.C.) (Li & Lin 1974). A grain crop was obtained from the achene as well. according to the latter three classics (Li & Lin 1974), though the earliest archaeo- logical evidence of this use found to date is from the Han Dynasty (206 B.C.-220 A.D.). Cannabis grain was not merely an auxiliary crop, for in ancient times it was counted as one of the "five grains," together with rice, barley. millet and soy beans (Li 1975). To this day a large seeded variety of hemp grows in the far northest of China, which may well be a relict of its use for grain. Although cannabis ceased to be an important food in China, just before the beginning of thc Christian era due to the introduction of new crops (Keng 1974).' it is still a source of cooking oil and grain in parts of Nepal.
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