Erowid References Database
Fontanilla D, Johannessen M, Hajipour AR, Cozzi NV, Jackson MB, Ruoho AE.
“The Hallucinogen N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (DMT) Is an Endogenous Sigma-1 Receptor Regulator”.
Science. 2009 Feb;323(5916):934-937.
The sigma-1 receptor is widely distributed in the central nervous system and periphery.
Originally mischaracterized as an opioid receptor, the sigma-1 receptor binds a vast number of synthetic compounds but does not bind opioid peptides; it is currently considered an orphan receptor.
The sigma-1 receptor pharmacophore includes an alkylamine core, also found in the endogenous compound N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT).
DMT acts as a hallucinogen, but its receptor target has been unclear.
DMT bound to sigma-1 receptors and inhibited voltage-gated sodium ion (Na+) channels in both native cardiac myocytes and heterologous cells that express sigma-1 receptors.
DMT induced hypermobility in wild-type mice but not in sigma-1 receptor knockout mice.
These biochemical, physiological, and behavioral experiments indicate that DMT is an endogenous agonist for the sigma-1 receptor.
|Notes # : dmt
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