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Ratomponirina C, Gobaille S, Hodé Y, Kemmel V, Maitre M. 
“Sulpiride, but not haloperidol, up-regulates gamma-hydroxybutyrate receptors in vivo and in cultured cells”. 
Eur J Pharmacol. 1998 Apr 16;346(2-3):331-7.
Five days of gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) administration (3 x 500 mg kg(-1) day(-1) i.p.) to rats resulted in a significant decrease in the density of GHB receptors measured in the whole rat brain without modification of their corresponding affinity. Similar administration of (-)-sulpiride (2 X 100 mg kg(-1) day(-1) i.p. for 5 days) induces an up-regulation of GHB receptors without change in their dissociation constants (Kd). Haloperidol (2 X 2 mg day(-1) i.p. for 5 days) showed no effect. Administered chronically via osmotic minipumps directly into the lateral ventricles, (-)-sulpiride (60 microg day(-1) for 7 days) and GHB (600 microg day(-1) for 7 days) up-regulated and down-regulated rat brain GHB receptors, respectively. Finally, in a mouse hybridoma cell line (NCB-20 cells) expressing GHB receptors, the treatment of these cells with 1 mM GHB, 100 microM (-)-sulpiride or 1 mM GABA decreases, increases and induces no change, respectively, in the density of GHB receptors after 3 days of treatments. These results indicate that chronic GHB treatment modifies the expression of its receptor and that sulpiride also induces plastic changes in GHB receptors perhaps via antagonistic properties.
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