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Schmidt-Mutter C, Pain L, Sandner G, Gobaille S, Maitre M. 
“The anxiolytic effect of gamma-hydroxybutyrate in the elevated plus maze is reversed by the benzodiazepine receptor antagonist, flumazenil”. 
Eur J Pharmacol. 1998 Jan 03;342(1):21-7.
The effects of gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB), a product of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) metabolism which possesses neuromodulatory properties in brain, were investigated in the elevated plus maze in rats. The number of entries and the time spent in the open arms of the maze were increased by GHB (50, 150, 250 mg/kg i.p.). This is classically considered as indicative of an anxiolytic effect of the drug. There was no sedative effect at these doses as measured by the spontaneous locomotor activity in the actimeter or the total number of arm entries. The anxiolytic properties of GHB were reversed by neither the GHB receptor antagonist, NCS-382 (6,7,8,9-tetrahydro-5(H)-5-olylidene acetic acid) (300 mg/kg i.p.), nor the opioid receptor antagonist, naloxone (10 mg/kg i.p.). However the anti-anxiety effect of GHB was antagonized by the benzodiazepine receptor antagonist, flumazenil (10 mg/kg i.p.), suggesting an interaction of GHB with the GABA(A) receptor complex which mediates the anti-anxiety effect of benzodiazepines.
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