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Kunsman GW, Manno JE, Cockerham KR, Manno BR. 
“Application of the Syva EMIT and Abbott TDx amphetamine immunoassays to the detection of 3,4-methylene-dioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and 3,4-methylene-dioxyethamphetamine (MDEA) in urine”. 
J Anal Toxicol. 1990;14(3):149-53.
MDMA and MDEA are hallucinogenic analogs of amphetamine. The need for laboratory monitoring of these substances has developed as a result of their increased recreational use. Since the Abbott TDx and Syva EMIT-d.a.u. immunoassays are commonly used tests for urine monitoring of drugs-of-abuse, the amphetamine assay of each manufacturer was assessed to determine the degree of cross-reactivity with MDMA and MDEA. Cross-reactivity was evaluated using a series of MDMA- and MDEA-spiked urine samples. Testing was performed over a two-day period with 3 runs/day and each sample run in duplicate. The Syva EMIT d.a.u. amphetamine assay was positive only at the highest concentration standard (10.0 micrograms/mL) for both MDMA and MDEA. Consequently, no further testing was performed with this assay. Calibration curves were generated for the TDx runs and percent cross-reactivity determinations were made. Precision for the TDx data was evaluated based on within-day and between-day coefficients of variation (CV). CVs for MDMA runs were below 6% for within-day and below 5% for between-day runs. Values of CV for MDEA were below 16% for both within-day and between runs; CVs were less than 2.5% for positive values. Cross-reactivity for MDMA ranged from 18% (10.00 micrograms/mL) to 118% (0.15 microgram/mL). Cross-reactivity for the MDEA standards ranged from 12% (10.00 micrograms/mL) to 47% (0.15 micrograms/mL). The presence of MDMA and/or MDEA in samples resulting in a negative EMIT-d.a.u. test and a positive TDx test was confirmed by GC/MS analysis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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