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Hammersley R, Ditton J, Smith I,Short E. 
“Patterns of ecstasy use by drug users”. 
British Journal of Criminology. 1999;39(4):625-647.
To establish patterns of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) use and relate these to other substance use, health and social problems related to ecstasy use, 209 ecstasy users and 20 controls (aged 14-44 yrs) were recruited via the dance scene in Glasgow. All users used ecstasy in the context of polydrug use; in particular stimulant and hallucinogen use were significantly related to ecstasy use. Extent of ecstasy use was not related to sociodemographic data, but the Subjects were substantially involved in illegal activities including other drug use, drug selling, and buying stolen goods. At most, users took ecstasy about once a week. Extent of drug use in general, rather than ecstasy use in particular, was predictive of more days of illness, self-attributed depression, and experiences of paranoia and memory loss. Some Subjects binged on ecstasy, mostly by taking multiple doses over a period of hours or days. Some people who had felt unwell at a dance event had taken multiple tablets and tended to binge, but others had mixed alcohol and other drugs. Data do not suggest that problems after ecstasy use are either common, or related to extent of use in a straightforward way. ((c) 2000 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved)
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