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Gray MT. 
“Freedom and resistance: the phenomenal will in addiction”. 
Nurs Philos. 2007 Jan;8(1):3-15.
Addiction to psychoactive drugs begins with a choice, a choice that changes subjective experience. The choice to change feelings, perceptions, or thoughts of subjective experience invokes the will: the will as action in the initiation of addiction, and its apparent loss when the addictive ritual becomes firmly entrenched as the central mode of activity.1 The will, then, emerges as a salient concept to understand the larger phenomenonology of psychoactive drug addiction discussed elsewhere (Gray, 2003a, 2003b, 2004, 2005). How the will feels subjectively, and what meaning is conferred on that feeling, are elemental to the will’s significance in human agency. Human agency, in part, describes an internal renewable force or energy source (Lawson, 2001). The subjective will symbolizes the feeling of this vital force.
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