Plants - Drugs Mind - Spirit Freedom - Law Arts - Culture Library  
Erowid References Database
Zhou GZ, Musacchio JM. 
“Computer-assisted modeling of multiple dextromethorphan and sigma binding sites in guinea pig brain”. 
Eur J Pharmacol. 1991 Apr 25;206(4):261-9.
Computer-assisted, simultaneous analysis of self- and cross-displacement experiments demonstrated the existence of several binding sites in guinea pig brain for dextromethorphan, (+)-3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-N-(1-propyl)piperidine ((+)-3-PPP), and 1,3-di-o-tolyl guanidine (DTG). Dextromethorphan binds with high affinity to two sites (R1 Kd 50-83 and R2 Kd 8-19 nM) and with low affinity to two additional sites (R3 and R4). (+)-3-PPP binds to one high-affinity (R1 Kd 24-36 nM), to one intermediate-affinity (R3 Kd 210-320 nM), and to two (R2 and R4) low-affinity sites. DTG binds with almost identical high affinity to two different sites (R1 Kd 22-24 and R3 Kd 13-16 nM). These results confirm that dextromethorphan, (+)-3-PPP, and DTG bind to the common DM1/sigma 1 site (R1). The binding of DTG to two different sites with identical affinities precludes the use of this compound as a specific marker for sigma receptors. Besides, haloperidol displaces labeled ligands from both high-affinity DTG sites (R1 and R3) with high affinity. Thus, haloperidol sensitivity should not be used as the single criterion to identify a putative receptor. The resolution of these novel sites also may provide new insights into the multiple effects of antipsychotic drugs. In addition, this investigation has important implications regarding the methods that must be applied to characterize multiple binding sites and their relations with putative receptors.
Comments and Responses to this Article
Submit Comment
[ Cite HTML ]