Erowid References Database
Callaway CW, Rempel N, Peng RY, Geyer MA.
“Serotonin 5-HT1-like receptors mediate hyperactivity in rats induced by 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine”.
This study was designed to evaluate the role of different serotonin (5-HT) receptor subtypes in mediating the effects of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) on rat exploration of a novel environment. The active enantiomer of MDMA, S-MDMA increases forward locomotion and suppresses investigatory behaviors and local movements. Previous studies indicate that S-MDMA-induced hyperactivity depends upon drug-induced 5-HT release. Propranolol and pindolol, beta-noradrenergic antagonists with affinity for 5-HT1 receptors, antagonized the S-MDMA-induced locomotor hyperactivity. The antagonism by propranolol was stereoselective. In contrast, a beta-noradrenergic antagonist that is a weaker antagonist of 5-HT receptors, betaxolol, was much less effective at blocking the behavioral response to S-MDMA. Among nonselective 5-HT antagonists, methiothepin was effective and methysergide and cyproheptadine were ineffective as antagonists of S-MDMA-induced hypermotility. In other systems, methiothepin has been found to be a good antagonist at 5-HT1B receptors where methysergide and cyproheptadine are ineffective. The 5-HT2 antagonist ritanserin was ineffective in blocking S-MDMA-induced hypermotility. However, ritanserin, methysergide, and cyproheptadine partially reversed the S-MDMA-induced suppression of investigatory responding, suggesting a contribution of 5-HT2 receptor activation to this component of the behavioral response to S-MDMA. This study indicates that S-MDMA produces a characteristic form of locomotor hyperactivity in rats that depends upon activation of 5-HT1-like receptors, possibly of the 5-HT1B subtype.
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