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Hoch PH, Pennes HH, Cattell JP. 
“Psychoses produced by administration of drugs”. 
Res. Publ. Ass. Nerv. Ment. Dis.. 1953;32:287-296.
Psychotic states following exposure to drugs and toxins may be classified in general into the acute and chronic brain syndromes or organic states. The acute organic syndrome (acute toxic reaction, acute delirium, toxic-infectious psychosis, infective-exhaustive psychosis, etc.) following drug administration is basically similar to that produced by other noxae and consists of the following features: 1) Mental clouding with impaired consciousness and fluctuating attention, grasp, retention, and orientation; 2) Perceptual disturbances, mainly visual and auditory illusions and hallucinations; 3) unrest, euphoria, or indifference; and finally 4) Aberrant behavior of various degrees of organized motor activity consistent with the remainder of the reaction. The essential feature for the diagnosis of the syndrome is the presence of the mental clouding and the confused state; the other components may or may not all be present in a given case.
Notes # : New York
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