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White FJ, Appel JB. 
“A Neuropharmacological Analysis of the Discriminative Stimulus Properties of Fenfluramine”. 
Psychopharmacology. 1981 IS 73;p110-115.
Rats were trained to discriminate fenfluramine (1.0 mg/kg) from saline in a two-lever drug discrimination task. The dose-response curve for this discrimination was orderly with an ED50 of about one-half of the training dose 0.52 mg/kg). In substitution tests, indirect n-chloroamphetamine) and direct (quipazine, MEC-212,-lisuride) serotonin (5-HT) agonists substituted for fenfluramine. Since none of these compounds have been reported to be hallucinogenic and the potent hallucinogen LSD did not substitute completely, it was suggested that the discriminative stimulus properties of fenfluramine are not related to its ability to produce hallucinations in humans. The fenfluramine cue, like the quipazine cue, was antagonized by the 5-HT antagonists cyproheptadine and methiothepin. Unlike quipuzine, fenfluramine was also partially antagonized by the 5-HT uptake inhibitor, fluoxetine, and the 5-HT synthesis inhibitor, p-chlorophenylalanine. Thus, the fenfluramine cue differs from that of quipazine in that it is mediated via indirect i actions on 5-HT receptors. Since the indirect dopamine (DA) agonist d-amphetamine failed to substitute and the DA antagonist haloperidol failed to block the fennuramine cue, a mediating role for DA was not indicated. Another indirect DA agonist, cocaine, substituted partially for fenfluramine, a result which paralleled that seen with ’luoxetine. Both of these partial substututions were reduced by cyproheptadine; therefore, it was concluded that these effects may be due to the common ability of cocaine, fluoxetine, and fennuramine to inhibit 5-HT uptake.
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