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Halaris AE, Rosenthal M, DeMet EM, Freedman DX. 
“The Raphe Neuronal System And Serotonergic Effects Of LSD”. 
Neuropharmacology. 1982;21(8):811-816.
Earlier work from this laboratory had shown that LSD caused significant increases in rat brain serotonin (5-HT). The increase was later localized to a subsynaptosomal fraction consisting largely of synaptic vesicles. However, the source of the increase and the mechanism by which LSD caused the enhanced 5-HT binding or retention had not been elucidated. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the serotonergic effects of LSD following destruction of raphe nuclei with radio frequency lesions. When LSD was given to animals with large midbrain raphe lesions, it caused significant increases in forebrain or cortical 5-HT up to 48 hr. or 7 days post-lesion, respectively. It was concluded that an intact cell body is not necessary for the expression of the LSD-mediated increases in 5-HT occurring in the nerve-ending. The possible mechanisms by which LSD could act directly at the nerve ending are discussed.
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