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Fleisher LN, Glick SD. 
“Hallucinogen-Induced Rotational Behavior in Rats”. 
Psychopharmacology. 1979;62:193-200.
LSD, mescaline, and MDMT (5-methoxy N,N-dimethyltryptamine) in normal rats induced dose-dependent rotation (circling behavior), which was consistent in direction from week to week (1 week separating hallucinogen administrations). The direction of LSD-induced rotation for individual animals was the same as amphetamine-induced, but not apomorphine-induced, rotation. Of the three postsynaptic serotonin antagonists (methysergide, cyproheptadine, and 2-bromo-LSD) tested, only methysergide induced rotation; this rotation was consistent in direction from week to week, and was in the same direction as LSD-induced rotation. L-LSD induced weak rotation and was approximately six times less potent than D-LSD. p-Chlorophenylalanine pretreatment increased the sensitivity to LSD, whereas a-methyl-p-tyrosine pretreatment blocked LSD-induced rotation. Simultaneous administration of LSD and amphetamine induced rotation significantly greater than amphetamine alone; a similar eject was observed with LSD plus scopolamine. However, apomorphine plus LSD induced rotation similar in magnitude to apomorphine alone. These results suggest that the mechanism by which hallucinogens induce rotation is consistent with an inhibitory action on the serotonin-containing midbrain raphe neurons. The inhibition of raphe neuronal firing could disinhibit nigrostriatal activity (possibly at the level of the substantia nigra). Methysergide-induced rotation could result from partial antagonism of postsynaptic serotonin receptors in the substantia nigra or striatum. The dopaminergic properties of LSD may attenuate rotation resulting, from disinhibition of nigrostriatal activity by interacting with presynaptic nigrostriatal dopamine autoreceptors.
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