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Jantz L. 
“Probleme und Möglochkeiten ambulanter und stationäer Behandlune von Suchtkranken.”. 
Therapiewoche. 1976;26(30):4827-38.
Problems and possibilities for the ambulant and stationary treatments of drug addicts are discussed. Drugs of addiction include the morphine-type (all opium derivatives and synthetic morphinic drugs) which induce euphoria, the barbiturate-type including hypnotics, tranquillizers, analgesics and alcohol which release strains and tensions, the amphetamine-type which increase performance and decrease appetite, and the cannabis-type (including lysergic acid diethylamide, LSD) which induce a widening of consciousness and cause hallucinations. The most widespread addiction is alcoholism which exists in 600,000 to 1 million people in Germany (1-20f the population). Alcoholism in its most extreme form is associated with hallucinations, personality changes, psychic changes, schizophrenia, Korsakow-syndrome and epilepsy. Opium, cocaine and cannabis can be taken by smoking and their use is particularly common among young people. Intoxication with LSD is particularly dangerous and barbiturates, phenothiazines, anti-depressants and morphine should not be given to patients with LSD poisoning. However abnormal psychic and physical symptoms can be treated with Valium (3 x 20 to 6 x 20 mg/day, i.m.) which controls psychomotor changes, while Coramin (i.m.) can be used to reduce the risk of cerebral fits. Solutions containing large amounts of glucose with vitamins and strophanthins can be given to patients in coma, together with Lasix and stimulants. Drug dependence can also arise from the use of sleeping pills and tranquillizers (such as Valium and Nobrium), analgesics and stimulants. Withdrawal symptoms following abstinence from addictive drugs are generally similar to those occurring in alcoholics during abstinence. These symptoms can be treated by the use of neuroleptics such as Truxal (3 x 50 to 400 mg/day). Psychotherapy and socio-therapy are also usually necessary.
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