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Hofmann A, Frey A, Ott H, Petrzilka TH, Troxler F. 
“Konstitutionsaufklärung und Synthese von Psilocybin”. 
Experientia. 1958;14(11):397.
The structure of Psilocybin, the active principle of Psilocybe mexicana Heim, has been elucidated. Psilocybin is the phosphoric acid ester of 4-hydroxy-dimethyltryptamin. This structure was confirmed by total synthesis.

Psilocybin is the first natural indole derivative found to contain phosphorus. It is also the first natural tryptamine derivative substituted in position 4.

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