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Marquet P, Lacassie E, Battu C, Faubert H, Lachatre G. 
“Simultaneous determination of amphetamine and its analogs in human whole blood by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry”. 
J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci App. 1997 Oct 24;700(1-2):77-82.
A sensitive and specific gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method for the determination of amphetamine (AM), methamphetamine (MA), methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA), methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and methylenedioxyethylamphetamine (MDEA) in whole blood was designed, using the respective pentadeuterated analogs of the analytes as internal standards (I.S.). After alkalinisation of blood samples, the amphetamines were extracted using diethyl ether, derivatized with heptafluorobutyric anhydride, then purified by successive washings with deionized water and 4% NH4OH. Extraction recoveries were 85.2% for AM, 90.9% for MA, 76.5% for MDA, 84.1% for MDMA and 63.6% for MDEA. Chromatographic separation was performed on a non-polar 30 m x 0.32 mm HP 5 MS capillary column using a temperature program. Detection was carried out in the electron-impact, selected ion-monitoring mode, using three mass-to-charge ratios for each analyte and one for each I.S. Limits of detection ranged from 0.5 to 8 ng/ml and limits of quantification were 10 ng/ml for AM, MDMA and MDEA; 20 ng/ml for MA; and 50 ng/ml for MDA. The method was linear from this limit up to 1000 ng/ml for all analytes, with good intra-assay precision and good intermediate precision and accuracy over these ranges. There was no interferences from other sympathomimetic drugs such as ephedrine, norephedrine or methoxyphenamine. This method is thus suitable for clinical and forensic toxicology, as well as for doping control.
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