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Mortier K, Maudens K, Lambert W, Clauwaert K, Van Bocxlaer J, Deforce D, Van Peteghem C, De Leenheer A. 
“Simultaneous, quantitative determination of opiates, amphetamines, cocaine and benzoylecgonine in oral fluid by liquid chromatography quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry”. 
J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2002;779(2):321-330..
A method using liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry is described for the determination of drugs of abuse in oral fluid. The method is able to simultaneously quantify amphetamines (amphetamine, methamphetamine, MDA, MDMA and MDEA), opiates (morphine and codeine), cocaine and benzoylecgonine. Only 200 &mgr;l of oral fluid is spent for analysis. The sample preparation is easy and consists of mixed mode phase solid-phase extraction. Reversed-phase chromatography is carried out on a narrow bore phenyl type column at a flow-rate of 0.2 ml/min. A gradient is applied ranging from 6 to 67.6% methanol with ammonium formate (10 mM, pH 5.0) added to the mobile phase. The column effluent was directed into a quadrupole-time-of- flight instrument by electrospray ionization, without the use of a splitter. A validation study was carried out. Recovery ranged from 52.3 to 98.8%, within-day and between-day precision expressed by relative standard deviation were less than 11.9 and 16.8%, respectively, and inaccuracy did not exceed 11.6%. The limit of quantification was 2 ng/ml (0.66x10(-5)-1.48x10(-5) M) for all compounds. Internal standards were used to generate quadratic calibration curves (r(2)>0.999). The method was applied to real samples obtained from suspected drug users. An interference was observed from the device used to sample the oral fluid, consequently this was excluded from the method which was validated on oral fluid obtained by spitting in a test-tube.
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