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Braida D, Sala M. 
“Role of the endocannabinoid system in MDMA intracerebral self- administration in rats”. 
Br J Pharmacol. 2002;136(8):1089-1092.
I.c.v. self-administration of MDMA (0.01-2 micro g per infusion), alone and in combination with CP 55,940 (0.4 micro g infusion(-1)), was studied on an operant responding procedure. On the basis of individual preference for one of two levers, developed during training, rats were allowed to self-administer vehicle from the preferred lever and MDMA from the other. Pressings on the MDMA associated-lever, except for the maximal unit dose, progressively increased. The combination of CP 55,940 with MDMA (1 micro g infusion(-1)) reduced the number of drug- associated lever pressings compared to the single drugs. Pre-treatment with SR 141716A (0.5 mg kg(-1) i.p.), 15 min before each daily session, significantly increased MDMA self-administration. These findings suggest that MDMA self-administration is under endogenous tonic control by the endocannabinoid system.
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