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Miller RT, Serrine SL, Monks TJ. 
“Metabolism of 5-(Glutathion-S-yl)-a-methyldopamine Following Intracerebroventricular Administration to Male Sprague-Dawley Rats”. 
Chem Res Toxicol. 1995;8:634-641.
5-(Glutathion-S-yl)-alpha-methyldopamine [5-(GSyl)-alpha-MeDA] is a putative metabolite of the serotonergic neurotoxicants 3,4-(+/-)-(methylenedioxy)amphetamine and 3,4-(+/-)-(methylenedioxy)methamphetamine. Glutathione (GSH) conjugates of several polyphenols are biologically (re)active. Therefore, as part of our studies on the role of 5-(GSyl)-alpha-MeDA in MDA-mediated neurotoxicity, we determined the regional brain metabolism of 5-(GSyl)-alpha-MeDA (720 nmol) following intracerebroventricular administration to male Sprague-Dawley rats. 5-(GSyl)-alpha-MeDA was rapidly cleared from all brain regions examined, and regional differences in the distribution of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (gamma-GT) correlated with the formation of 5-(cystein-S-yl)-alpha-methyldopamine (5-[CYS]-alpha-MeDA). We also observed the formation of 5-(N-acetyl-L-cystein-S-yl)-alpha-MeDA (5-[NAC]-alpha-MeDA) in all brain regions, indicating that the brain has the ability to synthesize mercapturic acids. Peak concentrations of 5-(NAC)-alpha-MeDA were found in the order: hypothalamus > midbrain/diencephalon/telencephalon > pons/medulla > hippocampus > cortex > striatum. In contrast to 5-(GSyl)-alpha-MeDA and 5-(CYS)-alpha-MeDA, 5-(NAC)-alpha-MeDA was eliminated relatively slowly from the brain. Differences were also found in cystein conjugate N-acetyltransferase activity in microsomes prepared from the various brain regions, but little difference was observed in brain cytosolic N-acetyl-L-cysteine conjugate N-deacetylase activity.
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