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From: Jim Rosenfield 
Newsgroups: talk.politics.drugs
Date: 29 Sep 93 22:54 PDT
Subject: US Commish on Drug Policy, HR3100
Message-ID: <1484000338@igc.apc.org>

From: Jim Rosenfield 
Subject: US Commish on Drug Policy, HR3100

Since early in 1993 a group of citizens, with the assistance of some
of the scholars at Stanford's Hoover Institution have been working on
a process to cause the reexaminationand redesign of our nation's drug
laws.  Their essential conclusions are to be found in a resolution
which states, "our society must recognize drug use and abuse as the
medical and social problems that they are and that they must be
treated with medical and social solutions" and "be it resolved that
an objective commission be immediately empowered by the President and
by Congress to recommend revision of the drug laws of these United
States in order to reduce the harm our current policies are causing."

On September 20 Congressman Don Edwards introduced HR3100 -- 
"A BILL to establish the Commission on National Drug Policy".  There
is now the opportunity to help pass this legislation and to bring
about an open public debate on this topic which has been plagued with
a fear of openess and rational discourse.

The Following sections of this post include: 

1.     A press release from Congressman Edwards' Office on the bill.
2.     The text of the first half of the bill and a digest of the
       second half (which covers essentially technical aspects of
       implementation).
3.     Text for a suggested letter to Congressperson urging co-
       sponsorship of HR3100.
4.     Text of the Hoover Institution Resolution.
5.     A partial roster of some of the eminent signatories of the
       Resolution.

People who would like to act in concert to bring about a rational
public debate on this issue, now is the time to call or write your
congressman and request that he/she co-sponsor HR3100.  Be sure to
request that they write back and tell you what action they are going
to take.  Please let me know if you are interested in participating
in this effort.

--------------------------------------------------------------
Jim Rosenfield                          Peacenet: jnr@igc.org
tel:  213-836-0926                      Compuserve: 72341,3027   
off:  213-721-5525 ext.300              fax:  213-722-6642

Please let me know when you read this..Congressman DON EDWARDS                                   NEWS RELEASE
For Immediate Release 9/21/93                                    93-40        
Contact Michael Vagnucci
Telephone: (202) 225-3072

EDWARDS CALLS FOR NEW DRUG CONTROL STRATEGY

Citing the failure of current federal drug control efforts,
Congressman Don Edwards (D-San Jose) today called for the formation
of a national commission to recommend a new, comprehensive drug
control policy.  The commission would be formed under the National
Drug Control Policy Act of 1993 (H.R. 3100), legislation introduced
by Rep. Edwards.

"In just over a decade, we've seen an almost ten-fold increase in the
amount of federal funds devoted to stemming the tide of drug abuse,
yet drugs continue to take an enormous toll on our society," Edwards
said.  "Simply spending more money is not the answer.  We have to
learn how to spend that money intelligently and get results."

Edwards noted that the United States cannot afford to wait any longer
for a solution to the drug crisis.  A 1992 study by the University of
Southern California School of Business estimated the cost of drug
abuse to the U.S. economy as at least $76 billion in 1991.  The U.S.
Chamber of Commerce puts the costs to society even higher, saying
drug abuse costs businesses $160 billion annually in lost
productivity, higher medical bills, absenteeism, theft and injury. 
Mandatory minimum sentencing, part of a strategy of setting severe
penalties for drug offenses, even for first time, nonviolent
offenses, has swamped the courts and overwhelmed our federal prisons.

H.R. 3100 would establish a 13-member Commission, composed of experts
who confront the drug problem everyday: physicians, law enforcement
officials, judges, district attorneys, educators, drug rehabilitation
workers, and community leaders.  The Commission would be bipartisan,
with members appointed by the President and the leadership of both
parties in the House and the Senate.  The Commission would have 18
months to conduct public hearings and make recommendations for
legislative and administrative action to the President and to
Congress.

"Commissioners could apply their hands-on experience to this issue
free from the political pressures faced by elected officials,"
Edwards explained.  "We have already tried what is politically
popular and the result has been ruined lives, devastated communities
and overcrowded prisons.  Now it is time to focus on policies that
will work, and the Commission on National Drug Control Policy can
tell us how to begin that effort."

Congressman Edwards is the Vice Chairman of the House Judiciary
Committee and chairs the Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional
Rights.  He also serves on the Subcommittee on Crime and Criminal
Justice..The following is my copy of the first sections of the bill with a few
notes about the later sections.  For the full text, consult
Congressman Edward's office.

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

HR3100, In the HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

A BILL to establish the Commission on National Drug Policy.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled,

Section 1, Short title.
    This Act may be cited as the "National Drug Control Policy Act of
1993".
Section 2. Establishment.
    there is established a commission to be known as the "Commission
on National Drug Policy".
Sec. 3. Duties of the Commission.
(a) Study. - The Commission shall conduct a study of the unlawful
production, distribution and use of controlled substances,
including --
    (1)  an investigation into the various causes of the unlawful use
         in the United States of controlled substances and the relative
         significance of the various causes,

    (2)  an evaluation of the efficacy of existing Federal laws
         regarding the unlawful production, distribution, and use of
         controlled substances, including the efficacy of Federal
         minimum sentences for violations of the laws regarding the
         unlawful sale and use of controlled substances;

    (3)  an analysis of the costs, benefits, risks, and advantages of
         the present national policy regarding controlled substances
         and of potential modifications of the policy, including and
         analysis of what proportion of the funds dedicated to
         combating the unlawful sale and use of controlled substances
         should be devoted to --

         (A)  interdicting controlled substances entering the United
              States unlawfully;

         (B)  enforcing Federal laws relating the unlawful production,
              distribution and use of controlled substances;
         (C)  eduction and other forms of preventing the unlawful use of
              controlled substances, or
         (D)  rehabilitating individuals who use controlled substances
              unlawfully; and
    (4)  an analysis of methods of rehabilitation, including an
         evaluation of the efficacy of current methods and suggestions
         for new methods.
(b)      REPORT. -- Within 18 months after the date on which funds
         first become available to carry out this Act, the Commission -
         -

    (1)  shall submit to the President, the Speaker of the House of
         Representatives, and the President pro tempore of the Senate a
         comprehensive report on the study conducted under subsection
         (a), and

    (2)  shall make the report available to the public upon request.

The report shall include the Commission's conclusions and
recommendations which at least a majority of the Commission have
agreed upon and the Commission's proposals for legislation ;and
administrative action necessary to carry out the Commission's
recommendations.

Summarizing from here on.....
    
Sec.4. MEMBERSHIP

(a)      Number and Appointment -- 13
    (1)  By the President -- 5
    (2)  By the Leaders of the Senate -- 4
    (3)  By the Leaders of the House -- 4
    
(b)      Qualifications -- must be individuals representing the
         professions that deal with those who produce, distribute, and
         use controlled substances unlawfully. Elected Federal
         officials are NOT qualified.
    (1)  law enforcement
    (2)  physicians
    (3)  social workers
    (4)  judges and attorneys
    (5)  Drug Enforcement Agency staff
    (6)  drug rehabilitation counselors
    (7)  religious leaders
    (8)  community leaders from inner-city communities
    (9)  educators
    (10)      academic experts

(c)      Pay - equivalent to GS-15 plus travel and per diem..Dear Congressman _________:

Under the preceding two administrations we launched and pursued a
"war" on drugs which has failed to benefit our society, but  has
taken a severe toll. 

The overall situation regarding the use of drugs in our society and
the crime and misery that accompanies prohibition has continued to
deteriorate.   Our society has attempted, at enormous financial cost,
to resolve drug abuse problems through the criminal justice system,
with the accompanying increases of prisons and numbers of inmates. 
The present system has spawned a cycle of hostility by the
incarceration of disproportionate numbers of African-Americans,
Hispanics, and other minority groups.   In our society's zeal to
pursue our criminal approach, legitimate medical uses for the relief
of pain and suffering of patients have been suppressed, and many have
suffered  needlessly, as a result.

A large and growing body of eminent leaders in our society has called
for an objective commission,  empowered by the President and by
Congress, to recommend revision of our drug laws in order to reduce
the harm our current policies are causing.   This effort began as a
petition originating fromthe Hoover Institution at Stanford
University.  A partial list of the signatories follows this letter.

This month, Representative Don Edwards introduced HR3100, which will
create just such a commission, as recommended by the Hoover
Resolution.  I urge you to support this bill.  I request that you
become a cosponsor of this legislation.  

We very badly need to reconsider our society's whole approach to this
problem as rationally, logically  and as dispassionately as we can. 
This legislation will form the foundation for this work.  Please
write to me and let me know what actions you will take onthis matter.

Yours truly;
 .RESOLUTION

Whereas, the overall situation regarding the use of drugs in our
society and the crime and misery that accompanies it has
continued to deteriorate for several decades; and

Whereas, our society has continued to attempt, at enormous
financial cost, to resolve drug abuse problems through the
criminal justice system, with the accompanying increases of
prisons and numbers of inmates; and

Whereas, the huge untaxed revenues generated by the illicit drug
trade are undermining legitimate governments world-wide; and

Whereas, the present system has spawned a cycle of hostility by
the incarceration of disproportionate numbers of
African-Americans, Hispanics, and other minority groups; and 

Whereas, the number of people who have contracted AIDS,
hepatitis, and other diseases from contaminated hypodermic
needles is epidemic under our present system; and

Whereas, in our society's zeal to pursue our criminal approach,
legitimate medical uses for the relief of pain and suffering of
patients have been suppressed.

Therefore be it resolved that our society must recognize drug use
and abuse as the medical and social problems that they are and
that they must be treated with medical and social solutions; and 

Further be it resolved that an objective commission be
immediately empowered by the President and by Congress to
recommend revision of the drug laws of these United States in
order to reduce the harm our current policies are causing.

Signature:______________________________________ Date:______________

Name:___________________________________________ Title:______________

Organization:________________________________________________________


Please send to:  
        Jim Rosenfield, c/o 7400 Bandini Blvd., Commerce CA 90040 
and send a copy to to:  
        President Bill Clinton, White House, Washington, DC.Hoover Institution Signers
(Partial list, as of July 16, 1993)

ORIGINAL SIGNERS
    Dr. Milton Friedman - Nobel prize-winning economist
         Kurt Schmoke - Mayor of Baltimore
         Joseph D. McNamara - Former Police Chief of San Jose
         Dr. Herbert Berger - Internationally recognized expert on drug 
abuse.                    Dr. Harvey Rose - Author of California's
"Intractable Pain Treatment Act"
    Dr. Frederick H. Meyers - Head of the California State Research
Advisory            Panel on Drugs
    Dr. Jack McCarthy
    Dr. Gary Davis
    Dr. Benson Roe 
    Dr. Stephen Fisher
    Dr. Clarke Smith
    Judge James P. Gray
    Judge James Smith
    Federal Magistrate Ronald R. Rose
    Reverend Leonard Jackson,  First A.M.E. Church of Los Angeles
    Reverend J. D. Moore,  First A.M.E. Church of Los Angeles
    Richard Arthur, Author of Gangs and Schools
    Janis Paige, Actress
    Gibb Martin - Founder, No More Drug War
    Kathy Smith - Social Activist
    Clifford A. Schaffer - Author, Computer Consultant

VIPs
        Frank Jordan - Mayor of San Francisco
        Elihu Harris - Mayor of Oakland
        Susan Hammer - Mayor of San Jose
        The Chiefs of Police of San Francisco, Oakland, and San Jose
        The Sheriff and District Attorney of San Francisco
        Father Joseph Kane and 23 chaplains at Rikers Island Prison
        Reverend Bruce Larson - Co-Pastor of the Crystal Cathedral
        Dr. Grayson Lawrence - Professor of Pharmacy, University of
                Southern California
        Dr. Luis Icaza - Member of the California State Research
                Advisory Panel
        Charles W. Froelich - Associate Justice, Calif. Court of
Appeals
        Whitman Knapp - Senior US District Judge
        Jack B. Weinstein - Senior US District Judge
        Rear Admiral (retired) W. Norman Johnson - Vice President of
                Boston University.
        35 members of the faculty at the University of California at
                Irvine
        Rufus King, Attorney, Washington, DC
        Hal Gunn, Attorney, Los Angeles, California
        Alan Friel, Attorney, Los Angeles, California
        Peter Hirsch, Attorney, New York, New York
        Eric Sterling, Attorney, Washington, DC
        Hugh Downs, Host of 20/20
        Dr. Dean Edell, M.D. Radio Show Host
        Danny Glover, Actor


Members of the Clergy

James W. Prescott, Ph.D., Director, Institute of Humanistic Science,
        San Diego, California
Father Joseph Ganssle, OFM, President, Religious Coalition for a
        Moral Drug Policy, Washington, DC
Father Joseph P. Kane, S.J., Catholic Chaplain, Rikers Island, NY
Sister Marion Defeis, Catholic Chaplain, Rikers Island, New York
Reverend Thomas Sheridan, S.J., St. Peter's College, Jersey Cty, NJ
Reverend Jonathan Tetherly, Chicopee, Massachusetts
Reverend Alexander A. Di Lella, OFM, Catholic University of America,
        Washington, DC
Rabbi Rav A. Soloff, Ph.D., Lansdale, Pennsylvania
Pastor Andrew L. Gunn, St. Luke's United Methodist Church,
Washington,
DC, President, Clergy 
for an Enlightened Drug Policy
Reverend William Wallace Finlator, Raleigh, North Carolina
Reverend R. J. Gray, Philadelphia Missionary Baptist Church, Compton,
        California

Health Care Professionals

Alice Murphy, Registered Nurse, Long Island, New York
Joanne Morris, Registered Nurse, Fresno, California
Dr. Jeri Rose, Doctor of Chiropractic, Altadena, California
Dr. Ronald Hutchings, Doctor of Chiropractic, Altadena, California
Dr. Robert M. Solow, DDS, Woodland Hills, California
Dr. Michael Robertson, DDS, DMD, Woodland Hills, California

Organizations

California Medical Association
California Central Democratic Committee
Central Conference of American Rabbis
Criminal Justice Policy Foundation
The Religious Coalition for a Moral Drug Policy
Clergy for an Enlightened Drug Policy
Carol Ann Rand, Pres., Advocates for Self-Government, Atlanta, GA 
Kay Stone, Chairman, Libertarian Party, Alamogordo, New Mexico
Chris Conrad, President, Family Council on Drug Awareness, Los
        Angeles, California
Dale Gierenger, President, California Coalition for Drug Policy
        Reform, Oakland, California
Southern California Chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union,
        Los Angeles, California
Andrea Rich, President, Center for Independent Thought, New York, NY
Mike Rosiny, Coordinating Director, Illinois Marijuana Initiative,
        Chicago, Illinois
Joey Tranchina, President, AIDS Prevention Action Network,  San
        Mateo, California
Eric Sterling, President, Criminal Justice Policy Foundation,
        Washington, DC
Eric Harlow, President, Save Our Liberties, San Rafael, California