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Organic Solvents Table of Properties
(re-edited from on Murov's Orgsoltab)



Solvent


formula
boiling 
point 
(oC)
melting 
point 
(oC) 

density 
(g/mL)
solubility 
in water 
(g/100g)

relative 
polarity
LD50  
(oral-rat) 
(g/kg)
flash 
point  
(oC)
acetic acid C2H4O2 118 16.6 1.049 M 0.648 3.3 39
acetone C3H6O 56.2 -94.3 0.786 M 0.355 9.8 -18
acetonitrile C2H3N 81.6 -46 0.786 M 0.460 3.8 6
benzene C6H6 80.1 5.5 0.879 0.18 0.111 4.9 -11
1-butanol C4H10O 117.6 -89.5 0.81 7.7 0.602 0.79 35
2-butanone C4H8O 79.6 -86.3 0.805 25.6 0.327 2.7 -7
t-butyl alcohol  C4H10O 82.2 25.5 0.786 M 0.389 3.5 11
carbon 
tetrachloride
CCl4 76.7 -22.4 1.594 0.05  0.052 2.8
chloroform  CHCl3 61.2 -63.5 1.498 0.8 0.259 1.2
cyclohexane C6H12 80.7 6.6 0.779 <0.1 0.006 13 -20
diethylene 
glycol
C4H10O3 245 -10 1.118 M 0.713 13 143
diglyme C6H14O3 162 -64 0.945 M 0.244 57
dimethoxy- 
ethane (glyme)
C4H10O2 85 -58 0.868 M 0.231 10 -6
dimethyl- 
formamide (DMF)
C3H7NO 153 -61 0.944 M 0.404 2.8 58
dimethyl 
sulfoxide (DMSO)
C2H6OS 189 18.4 1.092 M 0.444 18 89
dioxane  C4H8O2 101.1 11.8 1.033 M 0.164 4.2 12
ethanol  C2H6O 78.5 -114.1 0.789 M 0.654 7.1 13
ether C4H10O 34.6 -116.3 0.713 7.5 0.117 1.2 -45
ethyl acetate C4H8O2 77 -83.6 0.894 8.7 0.228 11 -4
ethylene glycol  C2H6O2 197 -13 1.115 M 0.790 4.7 111
glycerin C3H8O3 290 17.8 1.261 M 0.812 13 160
heptane C7H16 98 -90.6 0.684 0.01 0.012 -4
hexane C6H14 69 -95 0.655 0.014 0.009 29 -23
methanol CH4O 64.6 -98 0.791 M 0.762 5.6 12
methyl t-butyl 
ether (MTBE)
C5H12O 55.2 -109 0.741 4.8 0.148 4 -28
methylene 
chloride
CH2Cl2 39.8 -96.7 1.326 1.32 0.309 1.6
pentane C5H12 36.1 -129.7 0.626 0.04  0.009 -49
1-propanol C3H8O 97 -126 0.803 M 0.617 1.9 15
2-propanol C3H8O 82.4 -88.5 0.785 M 0.546 5.0 12
tetrahydrofuran 
(THF)
C4H8O 66 -108.4 0.886 30 0.207 2.8 -21
toluene C7H8 110.6 -93 0.867 0.05 0.099 5 4
water H2O 100.00 0.00 0.998 M 1.000
water, heavy 
(D2O)
D2O 101.3 4 1.107 M 0.991
p-xylene C8H10 138.3 13.3 0.861 I 0.074 5 27

    Notes:

  1. "M" in the water solubility column means completely Miscible in water.

  2. The values in the table below except for relative polarities have been extracted from MSDS compilations (see section II-B-4 of the Chemistry Webercises Directory) or the ChemFinder Web Server. Values for relative polarity have been extracted from: Christian Reichardt, Solvents and Solvent Effects in Organic Chemistry, VCH Publishers, 2nd ed., 1988. The values are normalized from measurements of solvent shifts of absorption spectra.