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Peyote Chemistry
by Erowid

NAME :Mescaline
CHEMICAL NAME :3,4,5-Trimethoxybenzeneethanamine;
ALTERNATE CHEMICAL NAMES :3,4,5-trimethoxyphenethylamine; mezcaline
CHEMICAL FORMULAC11H17NO3
MOLECULAR WEIGHT211.26
MELTING POINT35-36° C (non-salt?)
MELTING POINT183-186° C (Sulfate dihydrate)
MELTING POINT181° C (Hydrochloride)
LD50crystals : 212 mg/kg i.p.(mice)
LD50crystals : 132 mg/kg i.p. (rats)
LD50crystals : 328 mg/kg i.p.(guinea pigs)
Approximately 30% of total alkaloid content in peyote is mescaline.

Mescaline Molecule


NAME :Pello tine; Peyotline [sic, used by Clerc / Ludeuna, in French]
CHEMICAL NAME :1,2,3,4-Tetrahydro-6,7-dimethyoxy-1,2-dimethyl-8-isoquinolinol;
ALTERNATE CHEMICAL NAMES :N-methylanhalonidine; 8-hydroxy-6,7-dimethoxy-1,2-dimethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline; N-Methylanhalonidine
CHEMICAL FORMULAC13H19NO3
MOLECULAR WEIGHT237.29
MELTING POINT112° C (plates from petr ether.)
SOLUBILITYFreely soluble in alcohol, acetone, ether, chloroform. Sparingly soluble in water.
Aproximately 17% of total alkaloid content in peyote is pellotine.

Pellotine Molecule



NAME :Anhalonidine
CHEMICAL NAME :1,2,3,4-Tetrahydro-6,7-dimethoxy-1-methyl-8-isoquinolinol
ALTERNATE CHEMICAL NAMES :6,7-dimethoxy-8-hydroxy-1-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline
CHEMICAL FORMULAC12H17NO3
MOLECULAR WEIGHT223.27
MELTING POINT160-161° C (Sm. octahedra from benzene)
SOLUBILITYFreely soluble in water, alcohol, acetone, chloroform, hot benzene. Sparingly soluble in ether.
Aproximately 14% of total alkaloid content in peyote is Anhalonidine.

Anhalonidine Molecule