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Phenethylamines i Have Known and Loved

A Quick Chemical Glossary

by Lamont Granquist

I can't hope to teach anyone chemistry in a short space, but hopefully this glossary will help to give some meaning to the syntheses for those who have only a little chemistry knowledge.

CH2Cl2:Dichloromethane; Methylene Chloride. Solvent. Related to chloroform (trichloromethane).
Et2O:(C2H5)2O; Diethyl Ether. Solvent. Peroxidizes on exposure to air, dangerous.
EtOH:C2H5OH; Ethanol; Ethyl Alcohol. Solvent.
H2O:Hydrogen oxide; Water. Solvent.
H2SO4:Sulfuric Acid. Strong Acid.
HCl:Hydrochloric Acid; Muriatic Acid. Strong acid.
He:Helium gas. Inert Atmosphere.
IPA:C3H7OH; Isopropanol; Isopropyl Alcohol. Solvent.
KOH:Potassium Hydroxide. Strong Base.
K2CO3:Potassium Carbonate; Potash. Weak Base.
LAH:LiAlH4; Lithium Aluminum Hydride. Reducing Agent. Explodes on contact with water -- used only under N2 atmosphere. Extremely dangerous.
MeOH:CH3OH; Methanol; Methyl Alcohol. Solvent.
N2:Nitrogen gas. Inert Atmosphere.
NaBH3CN:Sodium Cyanoborohydride. Reducing Agent.
Na2CO3:Sodium Carbonate; Soda Ash. Weak Base.
NMR:Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. Analytical technique to determine structure of a compound.
NaOH:Sodium Hydroxide; Lye. Strong Base.
POCl3:Phosphorous Oxychloride. Reducing Agent.
THF:C4H8O; Tetrahydrofuran (cyclized diethyl ether). Solvent. Peroxidizes on exposure to air, perhaps slightly more dangerous than Et2O.
TLC:Thin-Layer Chromatography. Analytical technique to determine composition of a sample.