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Legal Status
by Erowid
Caution :   All legal information should be verified through other sources. [see below]
Schedule I
Mescaline (as well as Peyote) is Schedule I in the United States. This means it is illegal to manufacture, buy, possess, or distribute (sell, trade or give) without a DEA license.

Mescaline-containing columnar, such as San Pedro, have a more complex legal status. Please see the Mescaline-Containing Cacti Law Vault.

Peyote's legal status is less ambiguous, but has its own legal issues. See the Peyote Law Vault for more information.

California: (Oakland) #
The SF-bay area city of Oakland de-prioritized / decriminalized the possession of "entheogenic plants" including psilocybin mushrooms, mescaline-containing cacti, iboga, and DMT-containing plants such as those used in ayahuasca on June 4 2019 at 23:12 (11:12pm) on a "unanimous vote" (although it appeared at least one councilperson abstained. This effort was lead by Decriminalize Nature Oakland. The Oakland resolution did not decriminalize opiate-containing plants. Congratulations to those who worked this successful campaign! The text of the resolution included: "RESOLVED, That the Mayor and City Council hereby declare that it shall be the policy of the City of Oakland that no department, agency, board, commission, officer or employee of the city, including without limitation, Oakland Police Department personnel, shall use any city funds or resources to assist in the enforcement of laws imposing criminal penalties for the use and possession of Entheogenic Plants by adults; [... and ...] RESOLVED That the Mayor and City Council hereby declare that it shall be the policy of the City of Oakland that the investigation and arrest of adult persons for planting, cultivating, purchasing, transporting, distributing, engaging in practices with, and/or possessing Entheogenic Plants or plant compounds on the Federal Schedule 1 list shall be amongst the lowest law enforcement priority for the City of Oakland; [...]" (last updated June 4 2019)
Australia #
Mescaline is illegal in every state and territory. (thanks T)
Brazil #
Mescaline is listed in law 6368 of the criminal code as a controlled illegal drug, making the production, possession, or distribution illegal. (thanks P)
Canada #
According to the 1996 Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (which replaced the older Narcotics Control Act) mescaline is listed as a schedule III drug, while peyote appears to be exempt.
17. Mescaline (3,4,5-trimethoxybenzeneethanamine) and any salt thereof, but not peyote (lophophora)
Estonia #
Mescaline is Schedule I [reference]. (thanks TJJ)
Ireland #
Mescaline is scheduled in Ireland, making it illegal to supply or posses (see Misuse of Drugs Act. (thanks S)
Italy (Italia) #
Listed in Tabella I of "Tabelle delle sostanze stupefacenti e psicotrope", making it illegal to possess, purchase, or sell. (see Tabelle delle sostanze stupefacenti e psicotrope. (thanks a) (last updated Dec 16, 2015)
New Zealand #
Mescaline is Schedule I (Class A) in New Zealand [reference].
Norway #
Mescaline is Schedule I in Norway and illegal to buy or possess without a special license. See Norway Law. (thanks Y)
Romania #
Mescaline is Table I (most restricted) in Romania. See Romanian Drug Law Vault. (thanks VJ)
Russian Federation #
Mescaline is in List 1 and is illegal to buy, sell, or possess.(confirmed) While the law probably does not extend to natural mescaline-containing plants, cacti vendors are reportedly harassed and sometimes arrested. (unconfirmed) (thanks e) (last updated May 11, 2009)
Switzerland #
Mescaline is listed as a prohibited substance in Switzerland. (see Liste des stupéfiants prohibés, thanks V)
U.K. #
Mescaline is Schedule I/Class A in the U.K., making it illegal to sell, buy or possess without a license.
If you have information about the legal status of this substance in any other country, please let us know.

Erowid legal information is a summary of data gathered from site visitors, government documents, websites, and other resources. We are not lawyers and can not guarantee the accuracy of the information provided here. We do our best to keep this information correct and up-to-date, but laws are complex and constantly changing. Laws may also vary from one jurisdiction to another (county, state, country, etc)...this list is not comprehensive.