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Legal Status
by Erowid
Caution :   All legal information should be verified through other sources. [see below]
Schedule I
Opium Derivative
Heroin is Schedule I in the United States. This means it is illegal to manufacture, buy, possess, or distribute (sell, trade or give) without a DEA license.

It is notable that heroin was NOT included as a controlled substance in the United Nations 1971 International Convention on Psychotropic Substances that paralleled the US's Controlled Substances Act. Heroin is thus not banned by international treaty.

Australia #
Heroin is controlled in Australa, but we have found conflicting information about its exact legal status. Heroin was listed in Schedule I of the Narcotic Drugs Act of 1967, but we are unclear whether the control system has changed since then.
Brazil #
Heroin is listed as a controlled substance, making production, distribution, or possession illegal. (thanks P)
Canada #
In September, 2016, Health Canada began allowing prescription of pharmaceutical heroin (diacetylmorphine) to severe addicts as a treatment regimen. See Otherwise, heroin is Schedule I in Canada. However, a unanimous Supreme Court decision in 2011 declared that there is a right under Section 7 of the Charter to have access to clean injection sites, if they are available. See, and (last updated Sep 23 2016)
Czech Republic #
We have been told that the Czech Republic has decriminalized 1.5g or less of heroin and the punishment is similar in scale to a parking ticket. Sales, production, and larger quantity possession are still crimes. See (thanks zb) (last updated Oct 13, 2012)
Finland #
Heroin is a controlled substance, making production, distribution, and possession illegal without a license. See Finland Law.
Germany (Deutschland) #
in May 2009, Germany made it legal to prescribe heroin to addicts who are over 23 years old, been addicted for at least 5 years, and have tried 2 other therapies to get off heroin. See (thanks t) (last updated may 31, 2009)
Italy (Italia) #
Listed in Tabella I of "Tabelle delle sostanze stupefacenti e psicotrope", making it illegal to possess, purchase, or sell. (see Tabelle delle sostanze stupefacenti e psicotrope. (thanks a) (last updated Dec 16, 2015)
New Zealand #
Heroin is Class A in New Zealand. (thanks MM)
Norway #
Heroin is Schedule I in Norway and illegal to buy or possess without a special license. There have been some projects to establish "needle rooms" in Norway by the government where heroin addicts are allowed to get fresh needles for injecting heroin, but the chemical is still Schedule I. See Norway Law. (thanks Y)
Portugal #
Effective July 2001, personal use of heroin was decriminalized by Law 30/2000 (see text of law). Possession of less than 1 g is not regarded as a criminal offense, though the substance is liable to be seized and the possessor can be referred to mandatory treatment. Sale, or possession of quantities greater than the personal possession limit, are criminal offenses punishable by jail time. (thanks P)
Heroin is legally available for addicts under an ongoing experiment. (see Switzerland's Liberal Drug Policy Seems To Work, Study Says)
U.K. #
Heroin is Schedule II/Class A in the U.K. It is illegal to buy, sell or possess without a license.
If you have information about the legal status of this substance in any other country, please let us know.

Erowid legal information is a summary of data gathered from site visitors, government documents, websites, and other resources. We are not lawyers and can not guarantee the accuracy of the information provided here. We do our best to keep this information correct and up-to-date, but laws are complex and constantly changing. Laws may also vary from one jurisdiction to another (county, state, country, etc)...this list is not comprehensive.