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Barbiturates
Timeline
by Erowid
Dec 4, 1863 Barbituric acid is discovered by Belgian researcher Adolf von Baeyer. His discovery came on the day of St. Barbara, so he chose the name "barbiturate" as a combination of St. Barbara and "urea". 1  
1903 Barbitone, the first medicinal barbiturate, is synthesized from barbituric acid by German scientists Emil Hermann Fischer and Joseph von Mering. It was marketed under the trade name Veronal. 1  
1912 Phenobarbital is introduced under the trade name Luminal as a sedative-hypnotic. 1  
1950s - 1960s Reports increase about side effects and dependence related to barbiturates.   
Jul 15, 1965 U.S.: Drug Abuse Control Amendment (DACA) prohibits the unregistered possession, manufacture, or sale of barbiturates, amphetamines and any drug designated by regulation as having "a potential for abuse because of its depressant or stimulant effect on the central nervous system or its hallucinogenic effect"...unless they were for the personal use of the possessor or a member of their household, or were for administration to an animal. Went into effect approximately Feb 15, 1966. 2   [More Info]
1970 Pentobarbital (II), secobarbital (II), amobarbital (II), butabarbital (III), phenobarbital (IV), and barbital (IV) are all scheduled with the passage of the U.S. Drug Abuse Regulation and Control Act of 1970.   


References
  1.   Henningfield J. The Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Drugs: Barbiturates. Burke, 1986.
  2.   Drug Abuse Control Amendment. Jul 15, 1965.