Microgram Bulletin, Vol 37, No 3, pp. 52-55 (2004)
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Analysis of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) or gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB-):
Review1, overview2,3, comprehensive analyses4,5,6, by dual mode ion trap mobility spectrometry7, by free zone CE with direct UV detection of GHB8, by color testing9,10, by FTIR and color testing11, by GC/MS after extraction on a SPME fiber and derivatization with BSTFA12, by ICP atomic emission and MS13, by IR14, by IR using a 3 bounce diamond ATR element15,16, by microcrystal testing with cupric nitrate/silver nitrate solution17, by NMR18,19, by SPME - HPLC/UV and SPME/HPLC/MS20, and by SPME GC/quadrupole ion trap spectrometry21.
Analysis of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) and gamma-butyrolactone (GBL):
Interconversion studies(22,23,24,25,26, by CE and HPLC27, by GC/MS with BSTFA derivatization28, by GC/MS and 1H-NMR29, by HPLC30, by HPLC/UV-Vis and HPLC/Thermospray MS31, by IR32, and gamma-butyrolactone in wine by GC/MS33.
Analysis of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), gamma-butyrolactone (GBL), 1,4-butanediol (BD), tetrahydrofuran (THF), and/or GHB/GBL analogs:
Comprehensive analysis of BD34, Overview and comprehensive analyses35, overview of analysis of GHB, GBL, and BD36, overview of GHB, GABA, and various analogs37, by capillary electrochromatography38, by CE39, by HPLC using paired ion chromatography40, detection in liquids by osmolality41, and of various 2-alkyl-2-keto-gamma-butyrolactone derivatives by GC after chiral derivatization42.