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A List of the (186) Known Psilocybian Mushrooms
by John W. Allen
html by Erowid, 12/03/01



Phylum: BASIDIOMYCOTINA
Class: Hymenomycetes
Order: Agaricales


Family: Bolbitiaceae


Genus: Agrocybe

  1. Agrocybe farinacea Hongo
Genus: Conocybe

  1. Conocybe cyanopus (G.F. Atk.) Kühner [= Pholiotina "Galera" cyanopus G.F. Atk.; Ph. cyanopoda (G.F. Atk.) Singer; Galerula cyanopus G.F. Atk.]
  2. Conocybe kuehneriana Singer
  3. Conocybe siligineoides R. Heim
  4. Conocybe smithii Watling (= Galerula cyanopes Kauffman)


Family: Coprinaceae


Genus: Copelandia

  1. Copelandia affinis Horak [= Panaeolus affinis (Horak) Ew. Gerhardt]
  2. Copelandia anomala (Murrill) Singer [= Panaeolus anomalus (Murrill) Sacc. & Trotter; about Gerhardt, 1996, this species is a synonym of Copelandia cyanescens)
  3. Copelandia bispora (Malençon & Bertault) Singer & R.A. Weeks [= C. papilionacea var. bispora Malençon & Bertault; Panaeolus cyanescens var. bisporus (Malençon & Bertault) G. Moreno & Esteve-Ravis.; P. bisporus (Malençon & Bertault) Ew. Gerhardt]
  4. Copelandia cambodginiensis (Ola'h & R. Heim) Singer & R.A. Weeks (= Panaeolus cambodginiensis Ola'h & R. Heim)
  5. Copelandia chlorocystis Singer & R.A. Weeks [= Panaeolus chlorocystis (Singer & R.W. Weeks) Ew. Gerhardt]
  6. Copelandia cyanescens (Berk. & Broome) Singer [= Panaeolus cyanescens (Berk. & Broome) Sacc.; P. papilionaceus sensu Bres.) (see Copelandia westii)
  7. Copelandia lentisporus (Ew. Gerhardt) Guzmán (= Panaeolus lentisporus Ew. Gerhardt)
  8. Copelandia mexicana Guzmán (about Gerhardt, 1996, this a nom. excl.)
  9. Copelandia tirunelveliensis Natarajan & Raman [= Panaeolus tirunelveliensis (Natarajan & Raman) Ew. Gerhard]
  10. Copelandia tropica Natarajan & Raman (about Gerhard, 1996, this is a nom. dubia)
  11. Copelandia tropicalis (Ola'h) Singer & R.A. Weeks (= Panaeolus tropicalis Ola'h)
  12. Copelandia westii (Murrill) Singer (about Gerhardt, 1996, this a synonym of C. cyanescens)
Genus: Panaeolina

  1. Panaeolina foenisecii (Pers. : Fr.) Maire [= Panaeolus foenisecii (Pers.: Fr.) Kühner; Psathyrella foenisecii (Pers. : Fr.) A.H. Sm.]
  2. Panaeolina rhombisperma Hongo (about Gerhardt, 1996, this is a nom. excl.) [Horak (1980) considered this species as Crucispora rhombisperma (Hongo) Horak]
  3. Panaeolina sagarae Hongo (about Gerhardt, 1996, this is a nom excl.)
  4. Panaeolina microsperma Natarajan & Raman (= Panaeolina indica Sathe & J.T. Daniel; this is the true name about Gerhardt, 1996)
Genus: Panaeolus

  1. Panaeolus africanus Ola'h
  2. Panaeolus ater (J.E. Lange) Kühner & Romagn.) (it is related with P. fimicola about Gerhardt)
  3. Panaeolus castaneifolius (Murrill) A.H. Sm. (= ? P. olivaceus F. H. Mřller; Panaeolina castaneifolia (Murrill) Bon; P. castaneifolia (Murrill) Ew. Gerhardt, this latest seems the true name, see Gerhardt, 1996)
  4. Panaeolus fimicola (Fr.) Gillet (see P. ater)
  5. Panaeolus microsporus Ola'h & Cailleux
  6. Panaeolus moellerianus Singer (= P. subbalteatus sensu Mřller, 1945) (about Gerhardt, 1996, this is a nomen dub.)
  7. Panaeolus olivaceus F.H. Mřller (it is sometimes confused as a synonym of P. castaneifolius, see that)
  8. Panaeolus papilionaceus (Fr.) Quél. var. papilionaceus sensu auct. non s. Ew. Gerhardt [= P. campanulatus (L. : Fr.) Quél.]
  9. Panaeolus retirugis (Fr.) Quél.
  10. Panaeolus rubricaulis Petch (= P. campanuloides Guzmán & K. Yokoy.)
  11. Panaeolus sphinctrinus (Fr.) Quél. [= Panaeolus campanulatus var. sphinctrinus (Fr.) Bres.]
  12. Panaeolus subbalteatus (Berk. & Broome) Sacc. (= P. venenosus Murrill)
  13. Panaeolus venezolanus Guzmán (= P. annulatus Natarajan & Raman)


Family: Cortinariaceae


Genus: Galerina

  1. Galerina steglichii Besl
Genus: Gymnopilus

  1. Gymnopilus aeruginosus (Peck) Singer
  2. Gymnopilus braendlei (Peck) Hesler
  3. Gymnopilus intermedius (Singer) Singer
  4. Gymnopilus lateritius (Pat.) Murrill
  5. Gymnopilus liquiritiae (Fr.) P. Karst.
  6. Gymnopilus luteofolius (Peck) Singer
  7. Gymnopilus luteoviridis Thiers
  8. Gymnopilus luteus (Peck) Hesler
  9. Gymnopilus purpuratus (Cooke & Massee) Singer
  10. Gymnopilus sapineus (Fr.) Maire (= Pholiota sapinea s. auct.)
  11. Gymnopilus spectabilis (Fr.) A.H. Sm. [= G. spectabilis (Fr.) Singer; Pholiota spectabilis Fr.; Gymnopilus junonius (Fr.) P.D. Orton; G. spectabilis var. junonia (Fr.) J.E. Lange; Pholiota junonia (Fr.) P. Karst.; Ph. spectabilis var. junonia (Fr.) J.E. Lange] (G. junonius seems to be the true name)
  12. Gymnopilus subpurpuratus Guzmán-Davalos & Guzmán]
  13. Gymnopilus validipes (Peck) Hesler
  14. Gymnopilus viridans Murrill
Genus: Inocybe

  1. Inocybe aeruginascens Babos
  2. Inocybe coelestium Kuyper
  3. Inocybe corydalina Quél. var. corydalina
  4. Inocybe corydalina var. erinaceomorpha (Stangl & J. Veselsky´) Kuyper
  5. Inocybe haemacta (Berk. & Cooke) Sacc.
  6. Inocybe tricolor Kühner


Family: Plutaceae


Genus: Pluteus

  1. Pluteus atricapillus (Secr.) Singer [= P. cervinus (Schaeffer) P. Kumm.] [Orton, 1986, discussed this synonymy and concluded that the true name is P. cervinus because the epithet Agaricus atricapillus Batsch is debatable and uncertain. Singer (1986) introduced the name P. atricapillus (Secr.) Singer, but as Secretan's work has been declared invalid, this interpretation is not consider any more]
  2. Pluteus cyanopus Quél.
  3. Pluteus glaucus Singer
  4. Pluteus nigriviridis Babos
  5. Pluteus salicinus (Pers. : Fr.) P. Kumm.
  6. Pluteus villosus (Bull.) Quél.


Family: Strophariaceae


Genus: Hypholoma

  1. Hypholoma gigaspora (Natarajan & Raman) Guzmán [= Psilocybe gigaspora Natarajan & Raman; Naematoloma gigaspora (Natarajan & Raman) Guzmán]
  2. Hypholoma guzmanii (Natarajan & Raman) Guzmán [= Psilocybe guzmanii Natarajan & Raman; Naematoloma guzmanii (Natarajan & Raman) Guzmán]
  3. Hypholoma naematoliformis (Guzmán) Guzmán [= Psilocybe naematoliformis Guzmán; Naematoloma naematoliformis (Guzmán) Guzmán]
  4. Hypholoma neocaledonica (Guzmán & Hora) Guzmán [= Psilocybe neocaledonica Guzmán & Hora; Naematoloma neocaledonica (Guzmán & Hora) Guzmán]
  5. Hypholoma popperianum (Singer) Guzmán (= Naemaotoloma popperianum Singer)
  6. Hypholoma rhombispora (Guzmán) Guzmán (= Naematoloma rhombispora Guzmán)
Genus: Psilocybe

  1. Psilocybe acutipilea (Speg.) Guzmán
  2. Psilocybe angustipleurocystidiata Guzmán
  3. Psilocybe antioquensis Guzmán, Saldarriaga, Pineda, García & Velázquez
  4. Psilocybe aquamarina (Pegler) Guzmán (= Stropharia aquamarina Pegler)
  5. Psilocybe argentipes K. Yokoy.
  6. Psilocybe armandii Guzmán & S.H. Pollock
  7. Psilocybe aucklandii Guzmán, C.C. King & Bandala
  8. Psilocybe australiana Guzmán & Watling
  9. Psilocybe aztecorum R. Heim emend. Guzmán var. aztecorum
  10. Psilocybe aztecorum var. bonetii (Guzmán) Guzmán (= P. bonetii Guzmán)
  11. Psilocybe azurescens Stamets & Gartz
  12. Psilocybe baeocystis Singer & A.H. Sm. emend. Guzmán
  13. Psilocybe banderiliensis Guzmán
  14. Psilocybe barrerae Cifuentes & Guzmán emend. Guzmán, 1999
  15. Psilocybe bohemica Sebek (= P. coprinifacies s. Herink, non s. Krieglsteiner)
  16. Psilocybe brasiliensis Guzmán
  17. Psilocybe brunneocystidiata Guzmán & Horak
  18. Psilocybe caeruleoannulata Singer ex Guzmán
  19. Psilocybe caerulescens Murrill var. caerulescens (= P. caerulescens var. albida R. Heim; P. caerulescens var. mazatecorum R. Heim; P. mazatecorum R. Heim; P. caerulescens var. nigripes R. Heim)
  20. Psilocybe caerulescens var. ombrophila (R. Heim) Guzmán (= P. caerulescens var. mazatecorum P. ombrophila R. Heim; P. mixaeensis R. Heim)
  21. Psilocybe caerulipes (Peck) Sacc.
  22. Psilocybe carbonaria Singer
  23. Psilocybe chiapanensis Guzmán
  24. Psilocybe collybioides Singer & A.H. Sm.
  25. Psilocybe columbiana Guzmán
  26. Psilocybe coprinifacies (Rolland) Pouzar s. auct., non s. Herink, non s. Krieglsteiner) (see discussion)
  27. Psilocybe cordispora R. Heim
  28. Psilocybe cubensis (Earle) Singer [= Stropharia cubensis Earle; P. cubensis var. caerulescens (Murrill) Singer & A.H. Sm.; Stropharia subcyanescens Rick; S. cyanescens Murrill; S. caerulescens (Pat.) Singer]
  29. Psilocybe cyanescens Wakef. (non sensu Krieglsteiner)
  30. Psilocybe cyanofibrillosa Guzmán & Stamets
  31. Psilocybe dumontii Singer ex Guzmán
  32. Psilocybe eucalypta Guzmán & Watling
  33. Psilocybe fagicola R. Heim & Cailleux var. fagicola
  34. Psilocybe fagicola R. Heim var. mesocystidiata Guzmán
  35. Psilocybe farinacea Rick ex Guzmán [= P. albofimbriata (Rick) Singer]
  36. Psilocybe fimetaria (P.D. Orton) Watling [= P. caesieannulata Singer; Stropharia fimetaria P.D. Orton]
  37. Psilocybe fuliginosa (Murrill) A.H. Sm.
  38. Psilocybe furtadoana Guzmán
  39. Psilocybe galindoi Guzmán (= P. galindii Guzmán)
  40. Psilocybe goniospora (Berk. & Broome) Singer [= P. lonchophora (Berk. Broome) Horak ex Guzmán]
  41. Psilocybe graveolens Peck
  42. Psilocybe guatapensis Guzmán, Saldarriaga, Pineda, García & Velázquez
  43. Psilocybe guilartensis Guzmán, Tapia & Nieves-Rivera
  44. Psilocybe heimii Guzmán
  45. Psilocybe heliconiae Guzmán, Saldarriaga, Pineda, García & Velázquez
  46. Psilocybe herrerae Guzmán
  47. Psilocybe hispanica Guzmán
  48. Psilocybe hoogshagenii R. Heim var. hoogshagenii (= P. caerulipes var. gastonii Singer; P. zapotecorum R. Heim s. Singer)
  49. Psilocybe hoogshagenii R. Heim var. convexa Guzmán (= P. semperviva R. Heim & Cailleux)
  50. Psilocybe inconspicua Guzmán & Horak
  51. Psilocybe indica Sathe & J.T. Daniel
  52. Psilocybe isabelae Guzmán
  53. Psilocybe jacobsii Guzmán
  54. Psilocybe jaliscana Guzmán
  55. Psilocybe kumaenorum R. Heim
  56. Psilocybe laurae Guzmán
  57. Psilocybe lazoi Singer [this is a doubtful neurotropic species, considered first by Guzmán (1983) as a synonym of P. zapotecorum, but Singer, 1986, claimed that this is a not bluing fungus independent of that of Guzmán, 1983]
  58. Psilocybe liniformans Guzmán & Bas var. liniformans
  59. Psilocybe liniformans var. americana Guzmán & Stamets
  60. Psilocybe mairei Singer [= Hypholoma cyanescens Maire; Geophila cyanescens (Maire) Kühner & Romagn.; non Psilocybe cyanescens s. Krieglsteiner]
  61. Psilocybe makarorae Johnst. & Buchanan
  62. Psilocybe mammillata (Murrill) A.H. Sm.
  63. Psilocybe meridensis Guzmán
  64. Psilocybe mexicana R. Heim
  65. Psilocybe moseri Guzmán
  66. Psilocybe muliercula Singer & A.H. Sm. (= P. wassonii R. Heim)
  67. Psilocybe natalensis Gartz, Reid, Smith & Eicker
  68. Psilocybe natarajanii Guzmán [= P. aztecorum var. bonetii (Guzmán) Guzmán s. Natarajan & Raman]
  69. Psilocybe ochreata (Berk. & Broome) Horak ex Guzmán
  70. Psilocybe papuana Guzmán & Horak
  71. Psilocybe paulensis (Guzmán & Bononi) Guzmán (= P. banderiliensis var. paulensis Guzmán & Bononi)
  72. Psilocybe pelliculosa (A.H. Sm.) Singer & A.H. Sm.
  73. Psilocybe pericystis Singer
  74. Psilocybe pintonii Guzmán
  75. Psilocybe pleurocystidiosa Guzmán
  76. Psilocybe plutonia (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Sacc.
  77. Psilocybe portoricensis Guzmán, Tapia & Nieves-Rivera
  78. Psilocybe pseudoaztecorum Natarajan & Raman (= P. aztecorum var. azte-corum sensu Natarajan & Raman; "P. subaztecorum" Guzmán, 1995)
  79. Psilocybe puberula Bas & Noordel.
  80. Psilocybe quebecensis Ola'h & R. Heim
  81. Psilocybe ramulosa (Guzmán & Bononi) Guzmán (= P. zapotecorum var. ramulosum Guzmán & Bononi)
  82. Psilocybe rostrata (Petch) Pegler
  83. Psilocybe rzedowskii Guzmán
  84. Psilocybe samuiensis Guzmán, Bandala & Allen
  85. Psilocybe sanctorum Guzmán
  86. Psilocybe schultesii Guzmán & S.H. Pollock
  87. Psilocybe semilanceata (Fr. : Secr.) P. Kumm. [= P. semilanceata var. caerulescens (Cooke) Sacc.: P. cookei Singer; non P. callosa (Fr. : Fr.) Quél., which is P. strictipes Singer & A.H. Sm.]
  88. Psilocybe septentrionalis (Guzmán) Guzmán (= P. subaeriginascens Höhn. var. septentrionalis Guzmán)
  89. Psilocybe serbica Moser & Horak (non ss. Krieglsteiner)
  90. Psilocybe sierrae Singer (= P. subfimetaria Guzmán & A.H. Sm.)
  91. Psilocybe silvatica (Peck) Singer & A.H. Sm.
  92. Psilocybe singerii Guzmán
  93. Psilocybe strictipes Singer & A.H. Sm. [= P. callosa (Fr. : Fr.) Quél. s. Guzmán, 1983; P. semilanceata var. obtusa Bon; P. semilanceata var. microspora Singer ?]
  94. Psilocybe stuntzii Guzman & Ott
  95. Psilocybe subacutipilea Guzmán, Saldarriaga, Pineda, García & Velázquez
  96. Psilocybe subaeruginascens Höhn. var. subaeruginascens [= P. aerugineo-maculans (Höhn.) Singer & A.H. Sm.]
  97. Psilocybe subaeruginosa Cleland
  98. Psilocybe subcaerulipes Hongo
  99. Psilocybe subcubensis Guzmán
  100. Psilocybe subtropicalis Guzmán
  101. Psilocybe subyungensis Guzmán
  102. Psilocybe subzapotecorum Guzmán
  103. Psilocybe tampanensis Guzmán & S.H. Pollock
  104. Psilocybe tasmaniana Guzmán & Watling
  105. Psilocybe uruguayensis Singer ex Guzmán
  106. Psilocybe uxpanapensis Guzmán
  107. Psilocybe venenata (S. Imai) Imaz. & Hongo (= P. fasciata Hongo; Stropharia caerulescens S. Imai)
  108. Psilocybe veraecrucis Guzmán & Pérez-Ortiz
  109. Psilocybe villarrealiae Guzmán
  110. Psilocybe wassoniorum Guzmán & S.H. Pollock
  111. Psilocybe weilii Guzmán, Tapia & Stamets
  112. Psilocybe weldenii Guzmán
  113. Psilocybe wrightii Guzmán
  114. Psilocybe xalapensis Guzmán & A. López
  115. Psilocybe yungensis Singer & A.H. Sm. (= P. yungensis var. diconica Singer & A.H. Sm.; P. yungensis var. acutopapillata Singer & A.H. Sm.; P. isaurii Singer; P. acutissima R. Heim)
  116. Psilocybe zapotecorum R. Heim emend. Guzmán (= P. aggericola Singer & A.H. Sm.)


Family: Tricholomataceae


Genus: Gerronema

  1. Gerronema fibula (Bull. : Fr.) Singer [= Omphalina fibula (Bull. : Fr.) P. Kumm.; Quél.; Mycena fibula (Bull. : Fr.) Kühner; Rickenella fibula (Bull. : Fr.) Raithelh.; Omphalia fibula (Bull. : Fr.) P. Kumm.; Hemimycena fibula (Bull. : Fr.) Singer; Marasmiellus fibula (Bull. : Fr.) Singer]
  2. Gerronema solidipes (Fr.) Singer
Genus: Mycena

  1. Mycena cyanorhiza Quél.


List excerpted from:
A Worldwide Geographical Distribution of the Neurotropic Fungi, An Analysis and Discussion,
by Guzmán G., Allen J.W. and Garrtz J.
Annali dei Museo civico - Rovereto, Italia. 2000. vol 14:1890280. (in English)