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Spice Product
Legal Status
by Erowid
U.S. FEDERAL LAW #
Caution :   All legal information should be verified through other sources. [see below]
U.S. FEDERAL LEGAL SUMMARY
Spice
REGULATED
Many Products
STATUS
Not Approved For Human Consumption
SCHEDULE
Many Schedule I
Spice and similar smoking blends often contain psychoactive chemicals which could be scheduled or regulated. In July, 2012, the US signed into Federal law a massive change to the Controlled Substances Act that makes Schedule I any "cannabimimetic agents", where the term "cannabimimetic agents" means any substance that is a cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1 receptor) agonist as demonstrated by binding studies and functional assays within any of [a long list of] structural classes:". See http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/112/s3187/text.

The list of cannabinoid receptor agonists specifically controlled includes (15): CP-47,497;cannabicyclohexanol or CP-47,497 C8-homolog; JWH-018 (AM678); JWH-073; JWH-019; JWH-200; JWH-250; JWH-081; JWH-122; JWH-398; AM2201; AM694; SR-19 (RCS-4); SR-18 (RCS-8); JWH-203.

On May 16, 2013, the DEA emergency scheduled three new synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists: UR-144, XLR11, and AKB48. See Federal Register.

On Feb 10, 2014, the DEA emergency scheduled four new synthetic cannabinoids: PB-22 (QUPICl); 5-fluoro-PB-22 (5F-PB-22); AB-FUBINACA; and ADB-PINACA. See Federal Register.

U.S. MILITARY RULES #
U.S. Army #
The U.S. Army has instituted a policy banning spice. At least one person at Fort Bragg, NC was caught with a positive urinalysis. A visitor writes that Spice has not shown up in urinalyses conducted at Fort Benning by the Army as of June 2009. (unconfirmed) (thanks p,r) (last updated Jan 28, 2010)
U.S. Air Force #
Spice is prohibited at Nellis Air Force Base in Las Vegas (see Stars and Stripes).
U.S. Marines #
The Marines have banned Spice and the component chemicals entirely. The first Marine ban that we know of began on Sept 10 2008, at US Marine Bases in Japan by Marine Corps Bases Japan Order 5355.1 (see article). Other marines have reportedly been charged for using Spice. See Marines face possible discharge for smoking legal substance (last updated Apr 19 2010)
U. S. Navy #
Spice products are considered completely prohibited in the U.S. Navy. Multiple readers have reported to us that multiple personnel have been discharged for violating the rules against Spice and related products. (last updated Dec 8 2010)
U.S. STATE LAW #
Alabama #
Spice-type products and Salvia divinorum are controlled as of July 1, 2010. See http://www.al.com/news/huntsvilletimes/local.ssf?/base/news/1273508152110470.xml&coll=1 and http://e-lobbyist.com/gaits/AL/HB697: Title "Chemical compounds, HU-210, JWH-018, JWH-073, and salvia divinorum or salvinorum A, possession prohibited, penalties ". (Thanks SG) (last updated June 23 2010)
Alaska #
As of December, 2013, there are clear forces in the media and political field to criminalize all forms of Spice-type products. See http://www.adn.com/2013/12/18/3237377/in-anchorage-effort-to-make-fake.html. As of July 2013, Spice-type products are still for sale in smoke shops in Alaska. Previously, we'd heard that Alaskan legislators were moving to control / ban spice-type products. See http://www.ktuu.com/news/ktuu-assembly-members-working-to-ba-101910,0,3903545.story. On Oct 26th 2010, the city of Anchorage will "ask" city shops to take Spice-type products off their shelves voluntarily until the state-wide ban can be implemented. It is worth noting that cannabis laws are very lax in Alaska. (thanks g, sm, db) (last updated July 32, 2013)
Arizona #
Arizona banned several synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonist chemicals in Feb 2011, including JWH-018, JWH-073, JWH-019, JWH-398, JWH-250, JWH-015, HU-210, CP-47497, and CP-47,497 C8 homologue "and isomers" of all of those. See http://www.dcourier.com/main.asp?SectionID=1&subsectionID=1086&articleID=90927 and http://e-lobbyist.com/gaits/text/88626. (thanks af) (last updated March 11 2011)
Arkansas #
Arkansas has passed a rule banning synthetic cannabinoid products. See State health officials adopt emergency rule banning K2 and Rules Pertaining to Synthetic Marijuana Products. (thanks jy) (last updated July 23 2010)
California #
Spice-type products are available in some parts of California, sold in smoke/head shops. (thanks g3) (last updated Feb 3 2011)
Colorado #
In June 2011, Colorado added "any synthetic cannabinoid" to their definition of "controlled substance" as well as listing eight known chemicals including HU-210, HU-211, JWH-018, JWH-073, JWH-081, JWH-200, JWH-250, and CP 47,497 and homologues. Law is effective Jan 1 2012. See states_co_2011_06_cannabinoid_salvinorin_control.pdf. (thanks k) (last updated Jul 12 2011)
Connecticut #
Effective July 1 2011, Connecticut banned several synthetic cannabinoids: JWH-018, JWH-073, JWH-200, CP-47,497, and 47-497 C8 homologue. See http://www.cga.ct.gov/2011/TOB/S/2011SB-01098-R00-SB.htm. (thanks k) (last updated Jul 12 2011)
Florida #
Georgia #
K2 and similar products have been banned by the state of Georgia as of May 24 2010. See HB 1309 and Governor Signs Bill Outlawing Synthetic Marijuana. JWH-200, JWH-250, and JWH-081 were controlled in May 2011. In June 2012, the Georgia Pharmacy Board issued an emergency rule making UR-144, XLR11, URB-602, A-796-260, and URB597 Schedule I in Georgia. See NOTICE OF ADOPTION OF EMERGENCY RULE. (thanks w, nss, cl) (last updated June 19, 2012)
Hawaii #
Hawaii banned a variety of synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists in mid 2012 and then emergency controlled more in October 2012. See http://hawaii.gov/psd/law-enforcement/narcotics-enforcement/2013%20Emergency%20Scheduling%20action%209-7-12.pdf. (last updated Oct 23 2012)
Idaho #
Idaho moving to control synthetic cannabinoids used in Spice-type products. See KBOI.com. (thanks LM) (last updated Oct 8 2010)
Illinois #
Spice products are illegal to sell or possess Spice-type products in Illinois. See ChicagoNewsCoop.org. In July 2010, Illinois passed a law banning synthetic cannabinoid products which takes effect Jan 1, 2011. The law lists JWH-018 and JWH-073. See http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/publicacts/fulltext.asp?Name=096-1285. (thanks JB) (last updated Aug 17, 2010)
Indiana #
Effective July 1, 2011 a number of synthetic cannabinoids are controlled substances in Indiana, including JWH-015, JWH-018, JWH-019, JWH-073, JWH-081, JWH-12, JWH-200, JWH-250, JWH-251, JWH-398, HU-210, HU-211, HU-308, HU-331, CP-55,940, CP-47,497, and WIN 55212-2. See http://www.in.gov/legislative/bills/2011/HE/HE1102.1.html">http://www.in.gov/legislative/bills/2011/HE/HE1102.1.html. (thanks K) (last updated June 6 2011)
Iowa #
K2 and other spice-type products have been banned by the Iowa Board of Pharmacy as of July 2010. (thanks t) (last updated Jan 13 2011)
Kansas #
After large scale sales of K2 by two vendors in Kansas, in March 2010 a law was passed by the legislature and signed into law, outlawing any "incense" products containing synthetic cannabinoids. (thanks hxck) (last updated Apr 5 2010)
Kentucky #
Kentucky banned cannabinoid agaonists, piperazines and salvia divinorum on April 13, 2010, with the governor signing HB 265 2010. See KY HB265 (thanks mjj) (last updated May 18 2010)
Louisiana #
According to one visitor, as of Aug 1, 2010 spice-type products were banned in the state of Louisiana and vendors were given until August 10th to rid their inventories of the products. (unconfirmed) (thanks N) (last updated Aug 24, 2010)
Maine #
Spice-type products are reportedly available at smoke shops in May 2011. (Thanks d) (last updated May 21 2011)
Maryland #
K2, Spice and similar products are reportedly available at convenience stores, gas stations, and 7-11s in Maryland. (Thanks KL) (last updated Jun 24 2010)
Michigan #
Spice-type products are generally illegal (Schedule I) in Michigan. Michigan passed a law banning spice-type products by banning HU-210, CP47,497, JWH-018, JWH-073, JWH-015, JWH-200, and JWH-250. Law signed by governor on Sep 30 2010. Legislature.mi.gov 2009-2010 Public Act 0171. (thanks h, k) (last updated Oct 23 2010)
Minnesota #
In May 2011, Minnesota passed a law adding a number of cathinone-derivatives, psychedelic phenethylamines, and cannabinoid receptor agonists to Schedule I. The banned phenethylamines include 2C-E. See https://www.revisor.mn.gov/laws/?id=53&doctype=chapter&year=2011&type=0. (thanks k) (last updated July 25 2011)
Missouri #
Missouri has outlawed spice products containing synthetic cannabinoids taking effect on August 28, 2010. According to one news story, "possession of 35 grams or less of K2 will be a Class A misdemeanor, and possession of more than 35 grams will be a Class C felony. The new law carries penalties that will be identical to those for possession of marijuana." See http://www.globe-democrat.com/news/2010/jul/06/missouri-fifth-state-criminalize-sale-or-possessio/. (thanks CK) (last updated Aug 24 2010)
Nebraska #
State congress people are considering a ban on Spice-type products. See KETV Omaha (July 13, 2010). (thanks web) (last updated July 16 2010)
Nevada #
Spice-type products had been available until Dec 24, 2010, at which point stores in Reno and Las Vegas stopped selling them. (thanks tlv) (last updated Dec 31 2010)
New Hampshire #
We received a report that, as of Jan 1, 2011, Spice-type products have been banned in New Hampshire. These products were previously available and are now difficult to find for sale. (unconfirmed) (thanks k, db) (last updated Jan 9 2011)
New Mexico #
One visitor told us that "5 chemicals" in Spice-type products have been banned in New Mexico as of December 24, 2010, but Erowid has been unable to verify this ban. (last updated Jan 21 2011)
North Carolina #
In April 2011, North Carolina passed SL 2011-12, banning synthetic cannabinoids under Schedule VI of the state's controlled substances law. The law takes effect as of June 1st, 2011. (thanks N) (last updated April 14 2011)
Ohio #
K2, Spice and related products are available at gas stations and other places. Products/varieties seen "Sex Spice", K2 Summit, K2 Blonde, K2 Pink. (unconfirmed) (thanks tr) (last updated June 25 2010)
Oklahoma #
In May 2011, Oklahoma passed a law adding a number of cathinone-derivatives, psychedelic phenethylamines, and cannabinoid receptor agonists to Schedule I. The banned cannabinoids include 124 separate JWH compounds, CP-55,940, CP-47,497, HU-210, HU-211, WIN-55,212-2, and AM-2201. See http://newlsb.lsb.state.ok.us/BillInfo.aspx?Bill=SB919&Session=1100. (thanks U) (last updated June 28 2011)
Oregon #
Spice-type products are now banned in Oregon, as of October 2010. See http://www.ktvb.com/news/Spice-now-illegal-in-Idaho-and-Oregon-105084229.html. (thanks db) (last updated Oct 23 2010)
Pennsylvania #
Pennsylvania has added several synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists and their "analogues, congeners, homologues, isomers, salts, and salts" etc to Schedule I of Pennsylvania's controlled substances act. Controlled chemicals include CP 47,497 and homologues, HU-210, HU-211, JWH-018, JWH-019, JWH-073, JWH-200, and JWH-250. See http://www.legis.state.pa.us/CFDOCS/Legis/PN/Public/btCheck.cfm?txtType=HTM&sessYr=2011&sessInd=0&billBody=S&billTyp=B&billNbr=1006&pn=1304. (thanks t) (last updated June 24 2011)
Tennessee #
We received a note saying that TN had passed an analogue-type law in May 2011 but have bee unable to confirm it. See http://www.tennessean.com/article/20110602/NEWS/306020051/TN-police-laws-try-keep-up-creative-chemists?odyssey=tab|topnews|text|FRONTPAGE. Spice-type products banned in Tennessee as of July 1 2010. Bill signed by governor into law on May 28, 2010. See http://wapp.capitol.tn.gov/apps/BillInfo/Default.aspx?BillNumber=HB2968. (thanks i) (last updated June 2 2011)
Texas #
A law was passed banning many synthetic cannabinoids and cannabinoid receptor agonists that takes effect September 1, 2011. See http://www.legis.state.tx.us/tlodocs/82R/billtext/html/SB00331F.htm. (last updated Aug 17 2011)
Utah #
Utah banned 17 substances in February 2011, including 4-methylmethcathinone (mephedrone), methylone, 4-methoxymethcathinone, 4-fluoromethcathinone, 3-fluoromethcathinone, MDPV, and several synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists that had been sold in Spice-type products. See http://stopthedrugwar.org/chronicle/2011/feb/26/bath_salts_fake_marijuana_banned, Utah.gov 2011 HB23 (thanks smh) (last updated Mar 11 2011)
Virginia #
In March 2011, Virginia banned severan synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists, making Spice-type products containing those chemicals illegal without a license to possess them. (thanks N) (last updated Mar 27 2011)
Washington #
In December 2010, Washington state board of Pharmacy reportedly agreed to an emergency rule banning the sale of spice-type products as of Jan 7, 2011. See doh.wa.gov/hsqa/Professions/Pharmacy/spicefaqs.htm. One visitor writes: "The board's emergency rules will mirror the new Federal Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) rules banning these substances. The federal rules went into effect December 24, 2010. The board voted to classify synthetic marijuana chemicals as Schedule I controlled substances in Washington, which will make them illegal to make, possess, and sell. http://www.doh.wa.gov/Publicat/2010_news/10-210.htm (thanks asr) (last updated Dec 31 2010)
West Virginia #
West Virginia banned a number of cathinone-derived stimulants and synthetic cannabinoids in May 2011. See www.legis.state.wv.us/Bill_Status/Bills_history.cfm?input=2505&year=2011&sessiontype=RS&btype=bill. 4-Methylmethcathinone, MDPV, JWH-018, HU-211, JWH-073, JWH-015, CP 49,497, CP55,940 and related chemicals are all included. (thanks ed) (last updated May 10 2011)
Wisconsin #
Wisconsin added a number of synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists to their list of controlled substances in July 2011. See http://legis.wisconsin.gov/2011/data/acts/11Act31.pdf. (thanks a) (last updated Aug 22, 2011)
Wyoming #
Although the new cannabinoid agonists are not yet explicitly controlled in Wyoming, HU-210, a component in some Spice-type products, has been considered a controlled substance under some existing laws. A man was charged and plead guilty in 2010 for possession of a Spice-type product. See trib.com. (thanks slcmh) (last updated Feb 3 2011)
If you have information about the legal status of this substance in any other U.S. state, please let us know.

INTERNATIONAL LAW #
Australia #
Cannabinoids are listed as a Border Controlled Drug in Australia under the Federal Criminal Code Act. Cannabinoids are also listed as a prohibited import. See health.gov.au. (thanks s)(Last Updated Jun 24, 2010)
Austria #
On Dec 18, 2008, Austria imposed an immediate, temporary ban on the sale of Spice. On Jan 7, 2009, products containing JWH-018 were prohibited from being imported. On Mar 3, 2009, the sale and import of products containing HU-210, CP 47,497 and its C6, C8, and C9 homologues were banned. (thanks A) (Last Updated Dec 18 2008)
Canada #
Spice-type products are reportedly uncontrolled in all of Canada as of October 2011. Multiple visitors report that there is no current legislation aimed at prohibiting these substances as of yet. (thanks lp,b) (last updated Oct 30 2011)
Channel Islands #
On the island of Jersey, Spice is classified as a medicinal product, making it a criminal offense to import, sell, or market it. (see article). It does not appear to be illegal to possess it, however.
Czech Republic #
The Czech Republic added a number of recent drugs to their controlled lists in early 2011, including BZP, 2C-I, PMMA, synthetic cannabinoids, and a variety of cathinone derivates including 4-methyl-methcathinone and MDPV. The Czech Republic has decriminalized possession of small amounts of most recreational drugs, so penalties for possession are quite low. See Czech Drug Law. (thanks p) (last updated Apr 17 2011)
Estonia #
Estonia added a number of drugs to Schedule I in February 2011. These include MDPV, Methylone, Butylone, Methedrone, Naphyrone, CP 47496, HU-210, JWH-018, JWH-019, JWH-073, JWH-081 ,JWH-200, JWH-250, 2C-I, 2C-T-2, 2C-T-7, and 3-FMC. See https://www.riigiteataja.ee/aktilisa/1090/2201/1004/109022011004Lisa1.pdf. 2C-B and Mephedrone (4-methylmethcathinone) were already controlled in Estonia. (thanks 1001) (last updated Feb 16 2011)
Finland #
Finland has added JWH-018 and JWH-073 to its list of controlled substances, but we don't know what specific 'schedule' or classification it is in. See (in Finnish) http://www.iltasanomat.fi/kotimaa/art-1288452412062.html. (thanks a) (last updated Oct 3 2012)
France #
In response to analyses of Spice samples conducted in France, Germany and the U.S., France adds JWH-018, CP 47,497, CP 47,497-C6, CP 47,497-C8, CP 47,497-C9 and HU-210 to its Annexe IV list of controlled substances in a decree published February 27 2009. [AFSSAPS]
Germany (Deutschland) #
JWH-007, JWH-015, JWH-081, JWH-122, JWH-200, JWH-203, JWH-210, JWH-250, and JWH-251 were added to Anlage II in January, 2012. In July 2013, Germany added AKB-48 and AKB-48F, AM-1220 and AM-1220 Azepan-Derivat, AM-2201, AM-2232 and AM-2233, 5-Fluorpentyl-JWH-122 (MAM-2201), JWH-307, RCS-4 ortho-Isomer (o-RCS-4), UR-144 and 5-Fluor-UR-144. See http://www.bundesgesundheitsministerium.de/fileadmin/dateien/Downloads/B/Betaeubungsmittelgesetz/27_BtMAEndV.pdf and http://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/btmg_1981/index.html. See www.bundesrat.de/cln_236/nn_8336/SharedDocs/Drucksachen/2012/0301-400/317-12,templateId=raw,property=publicationFile.pdf/317-12.pdf. Germany instituted a preliminary ban of the manufacture, trade, and possession of Spice products containing JWH-018 or any of 8 variants of CP 47,497, starting January 22, 2009. A permanent ban is expected to be passed later in 2009. See Tagesshau.de. See BfArM 21.01.2009 and Bundesgesetzblatt 21 Jan 2009. (Thanks RH,JL) (Last Updated Jul 21, 2013)
Hungary #
In January 2012, JWH-018, JWH-073, JWH-081, JWH-122, JWH-210 became controlled in Hungary. (unconfirmed) (thanks C) (last updated Jan 13 2012)
Israel #
Israel banned a list of synthetic cannabinoids in May 2011, including SR144528; Win 55,212-2; JWH-133; CP 47,497; CP 55,940;, HU-210; HU-331; JWH-018; JWH-073, and others. See Israel Drug Law Update May 2011. (thanks A) (last updated May 12 2011)
Japan #
Japan has banned products containing JWH-018, JWH-073, JWH-250, as well as C8, and C9 homologues of CP47,497. See http://wwwhourei.mhlw.go.jp/hourei/doc/hourei/H100825I0010.pdf and http://wwwhourei.mhlw.go.jp/hourei/doc/hourei/H091021I0010.pdf. (thanks Y) (last updated Oct 28 2010)
New Zealand #
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Associate health minister Pete Dunne announced on March 31, 2011 that the New Zealand government plans to restrict access to spice-type products and make them illegal to sell to those under 18 years old. The government is reportedly not considering a complete ban on the substances. See http://www.stuff.co.nz/southland-times/news/4829773/Govt-to-crack-down-on-legal-cannabis (Last updated Apr 7 2011)
Poland #
Spice and related products are now controlled in Poland. See http://isap.sejm.gov.pl/DetailsServlet?id=WDU20090630520 (Polish language). (thanks N) (last updated Apr 5 2010)
Romania #
Spice and related products are reportedly controlled in Romania in Feb 2010. (unconfirmed) (thanks ps) (last updated Apr 19 2010)
Russia #
In April 2009, Spice and related products were banned along with Salvia divinorum, Argyreia nervosa, Nymphae caerulea and others. See http://english.pravda.ru/hotspots/crimes/14-04-2009/107400-Light_drugs-0. In January, 2010, the Russian Federation banned the JWH compounds and most of the CP-family of chemicals. See http://www.rg.ru/2010/01/14/narko-dok.html. (thanks d) (last updated Jan 18 2010)
Slovak Republic #
Starting March 1, 2011, Spice-type cannabinoid receptor agonists, 4-Fluoroamphetamine, MDBD, bk-MBDB, bk-MDMA, and 4-Methylmethcathinone are controlled in the Slovak Republic. See http://www.nrsr.sk/Dynamic/Download.aspx?DocID=350863. (thanks J) (last updated Feb 15 2011)
South Korea #
It has been reported that South Korea added JWH-018 and HU-210 to their list of controlled substances as of July 1, 2009. (thanks tz) (unverified) (last updated July 7 2009)
Switzerland #
According to a Yahoo news story, Switzerland has reportedly banned the "Spice" product. Erowid has not found any documentation of this and an article from a Swiss online source from Dec 19, 2008 states that Spice is legal. If you have additional info about this, please let us know! See News.yahoo.com. (Thanks A) (Last updated Dec 18 2008)
United Arab Emirates (UAE) #
One visitor describes that a friend is "serving 4 years for possession and [one] can get 15 years for dealing". (unconfirmed) (thanks w) (last updated Feb 26, 2013)
United Kingdom (U.K., Britain) #
On December 23, 2009, Spice products were banned (added to Class B) in the United Kingdom. See BBC News Dec 2009. In September 2008, Spice was prohibited at the Royal Air Force Bases RAF Lakenheath and RAF Feltwell (see article). (thanks I, K) (last updated jan 7, 2010)
If you have information about the legal status of this substance in any other country, please let us know.

CAUTION & DISCLAIMER #
Erowid legal information is a summary of data gathered from site visitors, government documents, websites, and other resources. We are not lawyers and can not guarantee the accuracy of the information provided here. We do our best to keep this information correct and up-to-date, but laws are complex and constantly changing. Laws may also vary from one jurisdiction to another (county, state, country, etc)...this list is not comprehensive.